FAQ - craniocerebral trauma
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How much does childhood trauma relate to BPD in adults?


i have signifigant childhood abuse in my past. did this direcectly result in my BPD diagnosis or where the choices i made to contibute to it? I have been working with a great therapist doing EMDR, and am struggling to associate the cause of my current mental health status in relation to the trauma. i really don't want to blame anyone for my situation especially those who are not responsible. thanks for answering.
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From my experience working with children in adults and from my research, almost every case of borderline personality disorder is a result of experiencing abuse, primarily as a child. However, just because a person experiences abuse, does not mean that he or she will develop BPD. BPD has also been found to be linked to children whose mothers had BPD, although, further research is needed in this area.

New research is also now suggesting that there may be a biological component to BPD, but evidence is currently insufficent.  (+ info)

Is it possible for someone with head trauma to confuse their sister with their dead mom?


This is just a hypothetical medical question.

For example if someone woke up after being treated for severe head trauma and they ask "where's mom?" when mom has been dead for 15 years and they look at their older sister who kind of looks like mom now says "There you are mom!" Is that possible?

Firstly, what do you say to that person?
How would doctors treat it?
And what kind of psychological treatments would be needed?

Thanks : D
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well, it does happen and usually the "psychological treatments" are needed more for the family than for the patient. the patient usually doesn't understand the problem (!) or why his comments are freaking out his family.
typically, the only way this get better is time, as the person's brain trauma heals and he re-learns or remembers his family history and is able to recognize his family members.

and, as an rehabilitation therapist, I'd just like to say that the "doctors" don't do anything about it; the therapists and the nurses are the ones who do all the work!!!  (+ info)

How much Trauma Can a Pregnant Woman In the 3rd Trimester Take before the Baby is Miscarried?


Jus Wondering much Trauma Can a Pregnant Woman In the 3rd Trimester Take before the Baby is Miscarried? lol Like can a fall down da stairs kill da baby? lol
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The two "lol"s haunt me enough in this question..nevermined thinking about it actually happening..
I know someone that had a heart attack and they saved her baby via emergency c-section..unfortunately, mom didn't make it..it's no laughing matter.  (+ info)

Can we implant bionic sub-retinal photoreceptors very close to damaged retinal cells from trauma or diabetic r?


Can we implant bionic sub-retinal photoreceptors very close to damaged retinal cells from trauma or diabetic retinopathy to boost their function?
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Still in the planning/experimental stages, apparently:
http://www.retina-implant.de/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retinal_implant
http://news.cnet.com/2100-11390_3-6057581.html  (+ info)

What is the time between the noticable start of a cataract and blindness caused by trauma or ageing?


I can only see out of one eye and since a recent eye trauma to my good eye have a cataract forming.I am reluctant to undertake a cataract operation now due to the increased. risk of retinal detachment arising therefrom. My only option seems to allow the cataract to keep forming and when my vision becomes really bad then to have the operation on the basis I won't have much to loose if it results in a retinal detachment.I am 55 years of age and have just given up my job as an accountant due to problems with double vision.The general answer is that cataracts take years to form but I think this is more age related. Has anyone experienced a cataract forming and over what period. I would just like to get an idea whether I have 6 months or 10 years or whatever. Maybe there isn't an answer
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Doctors say it's generally between 1 or 2 years, but you should definitely consult your doctor, as no one knows how bad/treatable it is.  (+ info)

What are the top 10 trauma centers in the United States?


Myself and my EMS buds were having a discussion about trauma centers, and this question came up.
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Off the top of my head, and in no particular order:

UCSF
Loyola Chicago
Stanford
Cedars
UCSD
Oklahoma University
St Josephs (Phoenix)
Cincinnati
Duke
RW Johnson (New Jersey)
Mayo
Brigham & Womens
Univ of Iowa
LSU
Christiana (Delaware)
NY Presbyterian  (+ info)

People who have not experienced trauma cannot understand those who have?


They tend to judge by the fact that they could overcome their own problems, not understanding that trauma has caused real damage that they are free from. What do others think?
Thanks for all of these great answers. I think in a way they illustrate my point. When I used the word 'trauma' I meant an event that was so overwhelming it caused permanent damage. With the greatest respect tough events such as the death of a spouse might be tremendously painfull and difficult to get through without causing 'permanent damage'. I agree people like that can get through with great effort and striving, but people who have been 'damaged' by trauma are in a different boat. They can get through too, but it is wrong I think to draw the conclusion 'because I got through my tough time with a lot of guts and determination this person must be weak, complaining, wallowing, or not trying because they are not'. If you think about it it is a terrible load to put on an already damaged person.
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nobody can ever tell you what you are feeling except for you.....i was in a bad car accident years ago when i was a teenager..i live in pain...but i still do what everyone else does...now that we are getting older and some have had injuries....they are like i don't know how you do what yoiu do...
lost my mom 5yrs ago....and my dad a week and half ago....now that is trauma....there is no greater pain or emptiness then this...for me anyway....
i guess we all deal w/ things differently....from emotions to actions....we all lead different lives....the fact that they could overcome their own problems...hey that's great....but did they forget that time was the key....lots of thoughts...and finally one day they woke up and said okay enough is enough and then moved on....i think you tend to forget how long the healing process took once they put it behind them....we mourn more then death....we miss ourselves at times....the easy life of childhood...the loves we should have never let go....or should have lol...different people ...different results....what works for one person doesn't work for everyone....
best of luck and chin up  (+ info)

What is light therapy for victims of trauma?


One of my old therapists used some kind of light therapy for clients who were victims of trauma [not light therapy for depression …]. I had never heard of that before and haven’t heard of it since … is anyone familiar with it? This particular therapist was kind of New-agey, so I don’t know how kosher this treatment is .
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Some EMDR therapists uses alternately flashing lights on a bar shaped gizmo rather than physical movement of the finger from side to side as the stimuli source.

Here's a pic of what the therapist was probably referring to:

http://www.neurotekcorp.com/eyescan.htm  (+ info)

when monitoring a trauma patient who has a crushing leg wound, what should we be alert of?


A nurse monitoring a trauma patient who has a crushing leg wound
should be alert for signs of:

A. Tachycardia B. Hypernatremia C. Hypercalcemia D. Hyperkalemia


First I immediately thought that the answer is A...
but I'm not confident with my answer.

can anyone help me answering this question for me please?
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A Tachycardia typically refers to a heart rate that exceeds the normal range for a resting hheart rate (heartrate in an inactive or sleeping individual). In humans, this rate is usually based upon age, sometimes it can be very dangerous depending on how hard the heart is working and the activity
B. hypernatraemia is an electrolyte disturbance that is defined by an elevated sodium level in the blood.
c. Hypercalcemia is elevated calcium in the blood
d Hyperkalemia is elevated potassium

Based on the choices above I would go with D. I would go with D because in a trauma situation a pain med may be used to help the patient. If the patient has a urinary tract infection or something else with the kidney wrong the pain medications could cause Hyperkalemia  (+ info)

How does a trauma victim find support?


I'm a recovering trauma victim and I've been in therapy for the last year and a half. My family is not emotionally supportive of my efforts to overcome my past. What are other resources one might use to build a nurturing support network?
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Check with your local hospital for their primary programs and 2nd-level support network. Family and friends are often 1st choices for victims, but nothing is a substitute for interacting with fellow victims. You have entered a unique world...only through sharing and learning of others experiences can you begin to move towards your solution.

Also, do not refuse any help. Depending on the type of trauma, medication may help. No pill is going to solve this issue for you, but trauma often causes ancillary conditions (depression, anger, anxiety, irrational fear) that make it difficult to find the energy to address your core issue. If medication can provide some relief, it will allow you to get more out of your therapy and other interactions.

Asking for help is a HUGE step. Give yourself due credit...you've already proven to be a brave individual. You are already ahead of the curve as many suffer in silence.

Good luck and God's speed!  (+ info)

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