FAQ - diabetes insipidus
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what is diabetes insipidus?

what is diabetes insipidus? difference between the so called insulin deficit type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus? plase give a detailed descriptiom

Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excretion of large amounts of severely diluted urine, with reduction of fluid intake having no effect on the latter. There are several different types of DI, each with a different cause. The most common type is central diabetes insipidus, caused by a deficiency of vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH). The second common type of DI is nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, which is caused by an insensitivity of the kidneys to ADH. It can also be induced iatrogenically by various drugs.

Signs and symptoms
Excessive urination and extreme thirst (especially for cold water and sometimes ice or ice water) are typical for DI. Symptoms of diabetes insipidus are quite similar to those of untreated diabetes mellitus, with the distinction that the urine is not sweet as it does not contain glucose and there is no hyperglycemia (elevated blood glucose). Blurred vision is a rarity. Signs of dehydration may also appear in some individuals since the body cannot conserve much (if any) of the water it takes in.

The extreme urination continues throughout the day and the night. In children, DI can interfere with appetite, eating, weight gain, and growth as well. They may present with fever, vomiting, or diarrhea. Adults with untreated DI may remain healthy for decades as long as enough water is drunk to offset the urinary losses. However, there is a continuous risk of dehydration.  (+ info)

Did my k-9, who has insipidus diabetes and is now taking desmopressin, have a seizure?

Appproximately 20 - 30 minutes after receiving her third dosage (in the eye), she had what appeared to be a seizure. Her back hunched over, her body became very rigid while yet trembling, and she was unable to stand unassisted. Episode lasted about 15 - 20 minutes. Does this sound like a seizure? Were the meds and/or the number of dosages perhaps the problem?

We had a cat who got insulin shots and he appeared to have seizures when he was low. He would fall on his side and drooled. We would give him cake mate. My mom was a vet assistant for 20 years and she saw this a lot. Good going with the timing when you call the vet explain all the details. He may have more than diabetes going on. Good luck.  (+ info)

Urine/blood test for diabetes Insipidus?

A urine/blood diabetes Insipidus test is done first thing in the morning, while fasting.

If a person drinks water in the morning, how will this affect the test? Will it give a false negative or a false positive?

U can drink water...thats it....
I heard that you can chew sugar free gum...but there is carbs in some gum so I dont know about that.  (+ info)

Diabetes Insipidus & Pituitary Gland Surgery?

Does anyone know if diabetes insipidus is temporary/curable after a pituitary gland cyst surgery? It's a side effect I am having after my surgery six weeks ago. My endocrinologyst prescribed me desmopressin which helps, but I do not want to be dependent on this medication. Just wondering if someone has had similar experience and gotten better. Thanks!

GOOD LUCK. Most of the time this is temporary. I have been researching as I have a pituitary cyst. I will see specialist on 9/14 in Ky. But I truly believe it is only for now unless you had other factors.  (+ info)

Diabetes Melitus vs Diabetes Insipidus (urine analysis)?

If someone was to analyze samples of urine provided by 2 patients, one suffering from diabetes mellitus and the other from diabetes insipidus, what major differences would be expected between the samples?

I know one of the differences is the elevated glucose level in the diabetes mellitus sample. What other differences are there?

In testing for diabetes insipidus, urinalysis might reveal:

> Low urine salt concentration
> Urine output greater than 3 liters a day
> Water restriction test: while the patient is hospitalised [hospitalized, if you're one of my American cousins] - urine volume and ability of the kidney to concentrate urine is evaluated every hour, plasma sodium concentration is evaluated every 2 hours

In testing for diabetes mellitus, urinalysis might reveal:

> A high concentration of glucose
> Possible impaired kidney function (protein would be evident), dependent on how long diabetes had been present, and how well controlled it had been  (+ info)

Diabetes Insipidus - neurogenic OR nephrogenic?

can you distinguish between the neurogenic and nephrogenic factors that result in the symptoms of diabetes insipidus?

Neurogenic DI is a condition in which the kidneys are unable to conserve water due to the resistance to the anti diuretic hormone,arginine vassopressin (ADH)
Nephrogenic DI is due to the insensitivity of the kidneys to ADH.
The condition is genetic.
The biggest risk is dehydration so the patients have to take large amounts of water and I mean LARGE.
Over the years there is a risk of problems with bladder or urethra due to the large amounts of water processed.  (+ info)

how does diabetes insipidus affect blood pressure?

If any of you need a new glucose meter, my sister just got one for free. A nurse at her doctors office told her about a company that is giving them away to help out people that need help. You can visit their website here to see if you qualify. http://ow.ly/1ruQH  (+ info)

types of diabetes insipidus?

I am doing an essay about diabetes insipidus. some sources says that there are 4 types of diabetes insipidus in other sources there is only 2 central and nephrogenic

I would go with four types as presented by the website from the MD at Northwestern University. The website www.diabetesinsipidus.org should give you more than enough information to write an essay. Cite your source and you are covered because you can show where you based your information.  (+ info)

where i can get treatment for diabetes insipidus?

anywhere in the world

any where in the world you may have to see an endocrinologist or neuro surgeon  (+ info)

what is the sign and sypmtoms of Diabetes Insipidus?and its quick(home remdies)?

Diabetes insipidus, not to be confused with the more common diabetes mellitus, is a relatively rare disorder resulting from a failure to produce sufficient amounts of vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Vasopressin, produced by the hypothalamus and secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, helps the kidneys to reabsorb water and maintain proper fluid balance. If the pituitary fails to produce enough ADH, water is not conserved but simply passed through the kidneys and excreted, typically in very large quantities. More rarely, the kidneys fail to respond properly to ADH; this is known as nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Dehydration is the primary health risk associated with either form. Diabetes insipidus affects both sexes equally. With proper treatment, overall prognosis is good (except in cases caused by cancer).

•Vasopressin (synthetic ADH) may be administered (either in a nasal spray, as a pill, or by injection) to replace or supplement the body's ADH production. Such hormone therapy is usually necessary for a lifetime, although if diabetes insipidusis caused by a head injury or surgery, it may be possible to discontinue treatment.
•To treat nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, your doctor may advise a low-salt diet to reduce thirst and slow the excretion of water. Certain diuretics may also be prescribed. (Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus does not respond to ADH treatment.)
•Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
•Consume plenty of high-fiber foods and fruit juices to prevent or treat constipation.

Tin  (+ info)

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