FAQ - diabetes mellitus, type 2
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How does type 1 diabetes mellitus differ from type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Gary B said it nicely, but I would like to add and correct a few things:

Type 1. The pancreas is working just fine for a diabetic (for the most part) and only the Beta cells are destroyed by ones own immune system. That can be from various causes (I for example got that as a chickenpox complication). The risk for immediate death isn't all that high and you will 100% notice the increase of BG levels in time to act on it due to excessive thirst and urination followed by puking, headache and sweating.

Type 2 makes insulin like normal, but it's either not enough for fat or the organism becomes somewhat resistant to insulin and cannot use it effectively on it's own. That is treated by medicine that boosts the organisms insulin intake. You can get it from obesity and lack of exercise or sometimes in old age. This can also evolve into a insulin dependant type 2 diabetes.  (+ info)

what are the normal blood glucose levels for a person with diabetes mellitus type 1 & 2?

normal blood glucose levels for an average perso n is approximately 90mg/100ml. can anyone tell me the BGL for a person with diabetes mellitus?

There are various methods to determine blood glucose level. Some tests give you accurate diagnosis of diabetes or pre-diabetes, while others will tell you how well you are managing your diabetes.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test:
Measures the blood sugar level after 8 hours fast or overnight. Normal fasting blood glucose level is less than 100mg/dl. If your fasting blood glucose level is from 100mg/dl to 125mg/dl then you will have impaired blood glucose level also known as Pre-Diabetes. If your blood glucose level is above 125mg/dl then your doctor will diagnose as a patient of diabetes. To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor may repeat the fasting blood glucose test on any other day. If you have blood glucose level of 126mg/dl or higher in two consecutive tests, then you may have diabetes. If you have blood glucose level greater than 200mg/dl and you have symptoms of diabetes like increased thirst or hunger, frequent urination, weight loss, blurred vision etc, then you may be diagnosed with diabetes mellitus without confirming it with second test.

Random Blood Glucose Test:
Random blood Glucose test gives your blood sugar at any time in a day. Normal random blood sugar level should be less than 200mg/dl. If your random blood glucose level is between 140mg/dl to 200mg/dl then you will have pre-diabetes.

Oral glucose tolerance test
This test measures your response to sugar. First we measure fasting blood glucose level, and then glucose solution is given, after that we measure blood glucose after 1 hour and 2hours. A normal blood glucose level after an oral glucose tolerance test is less than 140 mg/dL. Level between 140 mg/dL to 199 mg/dL suggests pre-diabetes. A blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL or higher two hours after you drink the glucose solution may suggest that you have diabetes mellitus.

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
This test is not for diagnosing diabetes, but it shows you how well you have controlled your sugar in last 2 or 3 months. Normal value is less than 7%, however if it is more than 7 then you and your doctor should think of changing your treatment of diabetes.

Always Remember, your blood glucose measurement alone is not enough to differentiate between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Your doctor may do some other tests to find out which type of diabetes you have.

That it , there the same.  (+ info)

how is diabetes mellitus type 2 associated with obescity?

i would like to know the effect that extra fat has on the metabolism of glucose.

Because the extra fat is pushing on the pancreas making it hard to work, so you become resistant to the insulin. Then the insulin isn't there to lower your sugar so it gets all outa whack.  (+ info)

Is it right to consume honey while I have diabetes mellitus type 2?

sugar is strictly forbidden for diabetes patients but some alternative medicine mix honey to their medicine

Count your carbs as usual.  (+ info)

Is too much sugar directly responsible for diabetes mellitus type 2?

To avoid sugar after the onset of diabetes mellitus is well known... but could avoiding sugar before the onset of the disease reduce the occurence of the disease... if so whats the pathophysiology....

No, too much sugar is NOT responsible for diabetes. And after the onset of type 2 it is important to reduce carbohydrates, sugar just happens to be one. It is just as important to watch how much rice or potatoes or white bread or milk is consumed as it is sugar.

Also "Fully" needs to work on her facts and stop going to "that place where all the people go that know nothing about diabetes" because her "facts" are wrong! She may be a type 1 diabetic but that does not make her an expert on diabetes.

Type 2 is a type of diabetes mellitus and is not brought on by bad diet, obesity, lifestyle etc, but is a genetic or hereditary disease.  (+ info)

What does obesity have to do with diabetes mellitus type 2 and why ?

Obesity is a sign that you've had "metabolic syndrome" for too long and that you're overworking your endocrine system which causes excess fat storage and "insulin resistance". For those who are genetically susceptible, you can become type two diabetic as a result. FYI, you don't have to be obese to become type two diabetic. You do have to eat a lot of crappy food, though. It's a bit more complicated than that and if you're really interested, you can read the articles in the source box below:  (+ info)

statistics for diabetes mellitus type 2 in childrens of arabian gulf countries?

statistics for diabetes mellitus type 2 in childrens of developing arabian gulf countries (chart)

Finding a chart for NIDDM in children for that area is going to be next to impossible. Suffice to say, you might be able to derive some useful info from this study:

Bear in mind that NIDDM is increasing in all countries and all age groups where the population is adopting the western style of living.... eating crappy prepared foods and sitting around watching TV. Also bear in mind that in civilizations that adhere to the old world way of life, natural foods and high physical activity levels, don't know what type two diabetes is.

All one has to do is look at the diets and daily activity levels of the various populations around the globe. India, in particular is an interesting study. Read this:

It's the lousy food and lack of activity, folks.  (+ info)

other causes of diabetes mellitus type 2?

anyone knows what are the other causes of diabetes mellitus type 2 besides food and diet?

Do you mean, what else can cause a person to have type 2 diabetes besides having a poor diet?

Being fat, heavy, obese.
Lack of exercise.
Genetic predisposition (look up MODY mature onset diabetes of the young)
Ethnic makeup (indian, native american, hispanic)

You don't have to be fat, not exercise, or eat a poor diet to get type 2 diabetes. Genetics plays a big role. I have known many fat, couch potatoes who have never had a sugar problem. They may be at risk for it, but never get it. Same thing with cancer. Not all smokers get lung cancer, and not everyone who gets lung cancer, smokes (like Dana Reeve).

Here is my brief experience with diabetes: My great-grandma was a Sioux indian off the reservation. My mother has had diabetes since 30. She has always been on insulin. She was a little chunky, but on fat. Her sugars can go up very high. She was just hospitalized this year with a sugar of 1420. My uncle died from complications of diabetes at 45. He was obese. I had gestational diabetes 3x. I was a size 2-4 when I failed my diabetes test. I had asked to be tested early (at 12 weeks instead of 26 weeks) because of my family history. The doctors told me I couldn't possibly have it. They told me "Your thin, not old, and active. You couldn't possibly have it." I insisted. They gave me the test. I was right and they were wrong. I 've had two 9 lb., one 10 lb., and one 11 lb. baby. Three of the babies were one week early.

Genetics play a big role.  (+ info)

what is the different of treatment between diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2?

pharmacology and non-pharmacology... thanks...

Diabetes 1 your body produces no insulin and you must take insulin to keep your blood sugar under control (diet, excercise and oral hypoglycemics will sometimes be given to help control sugars).

Diabetes 2 your body does not produce enough insulin so treatment is aimed at helping your body control sugar ... start by controlling diet, then add oral hypoglycemics (metformin, glyburide, avandia etc...) and insulin only if necessary.

HbAic test to see wether treatment is helping with longterm sugar control.

Hope this helps,

C  (+ info)

Is diabetes mellitus type 2 the same thing as diabetes type 2?

help, please :(. im a nursing student ... a new one.. and trying to do some paperwork in someone who has diabetes type 2. i keep finding stuff that comes up diabetes mellitus type 2...is it the same thing as regular diabetes type 2???? i'm confused.

yes  (+ info)

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