FAQ - disease progression
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Describe the signs and symptoms seen during the the progression of Alzheimer's disease?

* Word or name finding problems.
* Inability to remember the names of people when introduced to these new people.
* Inability to remember passages of text the individual has recently read.
* Inability to plan and organize functionally.
* Inability to perform in social or work environments to usual standards.
* Misplacing a valuable object or item and forgetting where that object is.
* Inability to write coherently with unusual words appearing throughout.
* Impaired memory of recent occasions or current events.
* Impaired ability to perform abstract mental tasks such as counting backwards from 100 in 7s.
* Impaired ability to perform tasks that require planning such as a meal or managing finances.
* Decreased memory of personal experiences or history.
* A subdued or withdrawn state of mind in social or mentally challenging situations.
* Inability to recall personal address, date of birth, their own telephone number or where they went to school or college.
* Inability to determine time, date of day, what week or year it is and even what season the calendar is in such as summer or winter for example.
* Impaired ability to perform less challenging abstract tasks such as counting backwards from 20 in 2s.
* Require assistance in choosing correct clothing for the calendar season such as summer or winter. Often sufferers will choose winter clothing for the summer and vice versa for the winter.
* Can recall their own name, names of children or loved ones with a high degree of knowledge.
* A loss of awareness of recent events, experiences and surroundings.
* Impaired ability to recollect personal history although most can generally remember their own name.
* Impaired ability to remember their spouse’s name or caregiver, although most can generally recognize familiar faces from non-familiar faces.
* Require assistance in getting dressed. Some sufferers will for example, put their shoes on the wrong feet or wear their pajamas over their clothing.
* Experience disruption to sleep/walking cycles. Some sufferers will wander in the night and become lost, even in their own homes.
* Require assistance in using the toilet.
* Suffers increasing episodes of urinary or fecal incontinence.
* Experiences personality and behavioral changes such as paranoia, delusions, hallucinations and compulsive or repetitive behavior like tissue shredding for example.
* Frequent inability to recognize speech and therefore talking becomes impaired.
* Assistance required for eating and using the toile and frequent incontinence issues.
* Inability to walk or sit without assistance or support, to smile and to support their own head. Movement also becomes rigid as muscles seize and reflexes slow and swallowing becomes impaired too.  (+ info)

What is a medical term used to refer to the identifiable stages of disease, illness or condition progression?

I've heard this term (but have forgotten it) used in reference to a wide range of medical conditions, including a common cold. For instance: "The _______ of pnuemonia is high fever, then cackly cough, the trouble breating....etc".

Morphology...would be a close word to what I'm looking for. Thanks

osis=condition of
ology= study of
ism= state or condition
malacia= softening
ankyl= bent, crooked, stiff, fixed
medical words derived from greek and latin descriptive word first then the condition. example: arthritis= joint infammation, mitosis= condition of lellular division, autism= condition of self, osteomalacia= bone softening, biology= study of organisms  (+ info)

Can your blood tests come back neg. with the progression of Hashimoto's disease? At what point is it detected?

I was recently diagnosed with Hashimoto's disease:
Characterized by the immune system attacking the thyroid gland; it occurs by the body producing antibodies, which is usually good to fight off viruses, germs, pollen etc. In hypothyroidism, the antibodies attack the thyroid gland. This disease progresses slowly over a number of years.

I always complained of its symptoms (extremely fatigued, cold, muscle aches and weakness, difficulty concentrating, sore joints, heart murmurs occasionally) to many specialists, but none of them ever brought up that it could be my thyroid. You would think someone would come up with a diagnosis or even a hint of what it could be after 12 years of complaining about its symptoms (blood test were taken too). My last doctor I saw (infertility doctor) was the one who sent me to a endocrinologist!

Back to my question: Do test usually come back normal and then suddenly appear abnormal? I am on medication for the rest of my life! Thanks for your feedback! :)

The disease may still be there. You are treated for hypothyroidism so yr thyroid function may become normal.  (+ info)

I have policystic kidney disease. What is the best way to slow progression?

Call your nephrologist (kidney doctor)  (+ info)



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How long can you live with chronic kidney disease and what is the percentage successful transplant?

Chronic kidney disease alot of people of them but dont realize it how long can live with the disease of you slow the progression down and what is the successful transplant rate

Normal GFR is between 90 and 100. Over the age of 40, everybody's GFR reduces by 1 point each year. When GFR gets below 15, a person receives dialysis. Kidney disease can be treated with careful attention to diet, usually a low protein diet. GFR can be improved by as much as 10 points by changing to a vegetarian diet. Soy protein is good for kidney function. There are many internet sites which provide information regarding vegetarian diets etc for kidney disease. There are also various natural supplements that improve kidney function, Co-enzyme Q10 for example. As to how long you can live with kidney disease, it depends what caused it in the first place. In some cases people can live for quite a number of years before needing dialysis or transplant.
1 week ago

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How much should it cost for planing & scaling if I were diagnosed with periodontal disease?

Most of the pockets were 5 to 6 milliliters, and I will need planing and scaling on all teeth according to the dentist.. The dentist quoted me $2800.00 for the service, which includes the follow up visit, sonicare tooth brush, and other incidentals that I would use to maintain my teeth after the process is complete. That seems really, really high to me. Are there any less expensinve alternative treatments I can try first that may also prove effective? I've heard that regular flossing, rinsing with hydrogen peroxide , and regular brushing can also stop the progression of periodontal disease. I am also interested to here of any other over the counter products that can be used to slow or stop the progression of periodontal disease. I am a male, 42 years of age, and in otherwise excellent physical condition. Any informaiton you can provide would be greatly appreciated.

Where do you live?
Youi must live in a high income area. .
Cast ten lines like that and you only need one bite.
I like your dentist.

Koudos to him
too bad for you if you are to proud to switch dentists  (+ info)

Acetaminophen has been linked to Respiratory Disease and Lung Function capacity reduction?

"Oxidative stress may increase the risk of asthma, contribute to asthma progression, and decrease lung function. Previous research suggests that use of acetaminophen, which is hypothesized to reduce antioxidant capacity in the lung, is associated with an increased risk of asthma. We hypothesized that acetaminophen use may also be associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and decreased lung function".

Could High Acetaminophen use be linked to Sleep Apnea as well?

The study you cited (McKeever, Am. J Resp Crit Care, 2005) is a population-based study examining the effect of chronic, daily use of pain relievers on lung function. Of the 3 types studied (aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen), the rates were 8%, 4%, and 2% respectively among daily users. Most people use pain relievers for temporary relief. If they suffer from chronic pain, they should seek medical attention.

Sleep apnea is a disorder where patients breath inadequately or stop breathing during sleep. The most common cause is obstructive sleep apnea, where the soft tissue in the mouth/neck collapse and impair airflow. The most common cause is due to obesity, though there are non-obese patients with this disorder.

Presently, there are no studies that definitely link acetaminophen use with obstructive sleep apnea.  (+ info)

Best toothbrush to help slow down periodontal disease?

I have periodontal disease. I may buy a new toothbrush and I am wondering what kind would be best to help slow down the progression of periodontal disease.


i would say any electric toothbrush, but those get pretty expensive if you talk about Sonicare. but there are other sonic technology toothbrushes out there like Oral B has one. and so does Sunstar. but if you dont want to use that you can try the toothbrush called Technique Plus. it is from GUM and it is made that however you hold it it is at a 45 degree angle which is the angle you are supposed to brush at.
here is some info on that brush https://cart.jbutler.com/store.php?crn=221&rn=483&action=show_detail
or check out some of these power brushes here http://www.dentalcare.com/en-US/products/power.jspx
the vitality are pretty cheap for battery power toothbrushes.  (+ info)

Are you a carer, relative or close friend of someone who has Parkinsons Disease?

Can you please tell me your first hand experience, (in brief) *smile* of the progression and the most parts the disease effects the person etc...
Please answer if you have experience with it, as I will sooner or later be caring for a 69 y/o man who has not long been diagnosed with it.
Thank you.

The first symptoms are usually poor balance (specifically, falling backwards), intermittently choking on liquids, quieting of vocal strength, tremor when hands are at rest, and muscle weakness along with rigidity.
As the illness progresses, the tremor and mobility worsen, the gait (walking) becomes shuffling and the feet are closer together, which can cause the patient to trip or scissor. The patient loses the ability to bathe or dress him/herself, and loses the use of the hands. Speech becomes much softer and more indistinct. The patient becomes stiff to the point where transferring from the bed to the chair, or the reverse, becomes difficult. The person's swallowing deteriorates, and most Parkinson's patients end up on thickened liquids and pureed foods. Most will end up on a gastric feeding tube because taking anything by mouth will cause aspiration pneumonia (the leading cause of death in Parkinsons).
Some patients develop dementia, but not all.
Keep in mind that Parkinson's takes years to destroy a person, particularly if the patient responds well to the medications.
Google "progression of Parkinson Disease". I'm sure you'll find lots of good information.  (+ info)

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