FAQ - endocarditis, subacute bacterial
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What on earth is Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis?

Most often a penicillin or derivative given by dentists to prevent bacterial infection of the cardiac valves, from the oral cavity, when doing surgery.  (+ info)

Does anyone know of or have Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis or SBE? Or maybe Marfan's Syndrome?

I am currently going through tests to discover if I have one or the other. If you are living with either, how do you treat and live with them?

I had the genetic defect characteristic of Marfan's syndrome (Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm) but do not have Marfan's. I'm short.
This was discovered when I went to the doc for allergy shots and he heard a loud murmur. Since this defect is an Ascending Aortic Aneurysm and was affecting the Aortic Valve and Aorta and the coronary arteries and was quite large it had to be repaired right away. I had open heart surgery and had the aorta replaced the coronary arteries moved and repair but not replacement of the aortic valve. Having the valve repaired and not replaced was really important to me because with some heart valves it is not possible to have kids. I was young at the time and the surgery went well with few complications (an occasional TIA) and I had my lovely daughter 3 years later. What could be better than that?
At the same time I was in the hospital there was a young man there also with SBE. He was on antibiotics for weeks but avoided surgery at that time. If you should require surgery, find the best surgeon you can with the most experience.  (+ info)

What on earth is Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis?

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can you get SBE (subacute bacterial endocarditis) from a person by sharing with her/his glass?

no..very unlikely....its a blood thing...direct contact w / bloodstream....I V drug users get it....because its going in to the blood stream.... also known as heart veggies...  (+ info)

after a bout with bacterial endocarditis, scar tissue often stiffens the edges of the heart valves. how would?

after a bout with bacterial endocarditis, scar tissue often stiffens the edges of the heart valves. how would this be picked up in a routine examination?

the stiffened edges will not allow the leaflets to fit the valve "hole" in the same, tight manner and blood squeaks by during each contraction. That is what makes a murmur. The murmurs, if loud enough, can be heard during the exam. Now, they won't be able to tell that it was bacterial endocarditis that caused it, but they will know the valve is leaking. Depending on how much damage the illness caused, the heart murmur will be the sign of it.  (+ info)

4days fever always above normal. negative typhoid, negative to bacterial endocarditis. the patient is sufferin?

the patient is with TOF. no cough/colds, no tonsilitis, nothing everything except very high fever. what maybe the diagnosis is?

this is likely a mild case of streptococcus aureas, which can bypass lymphatic reflex action, and avoid action potential by the nervous system, it avoids detection from the enteric nervous system by inhibiting the nodes of ranvier from detecting the antigens and starting the inflammatory response, it it a very complex systemic disease, but very common. the hypothalamus will try to raise the bodies core Temperature in an effect to nullify the enzyme catalyst action by the bacterium thereby disabling it from spreading.  (+ info)

questions about acute bacterial endocarditis?

this is an infection in the blood often associated with people who use drugs intraveniously

is this bacteria transferable through needles?
and how long can you have this before you start to show symtoms? is it possible to have this and not be aware of it before it starts to kill you?
ya, my sons father just died from it. he hadn't used in a while and they though it was pnemonia at first...anyways.

Yes, it's transferable through needles. Can take a long time before symtoms show. And you could be in serious trouble before you knew you were sick.  (+ info)

How serious is a bacterial endocarditis by fungus.?


Many types of organism can cause infective endocarditis. These are generally isolated by blood culture, where the patient's blood is removed, and any growth is noted and identified.

Alpha-haemolytic streptococci, that are present in the mouth will often be the organism isolated if a dental procedure caused the bacteraemia.

If the bacteraemia was introduced through the skin, such as contamination in surgery, during catheterisation, or in an IV drug user, Staphylococcus aureus is common.

A third important cause of endocarditis is Enterococci. These bacteria enter the bloodstream as a consequence of abnormalities in the gastrointestinal or urinary tracts. Enterococci are increasingly recognized as causes of nosocomial or hospital-acquired endocarditis. This contrasts with alpha-haemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus which are causes of community-acquired endocarditis.

Some organisms, when isolated, give valuable clues to the cause, as they tend to be specific.

Candida albicans, a yeast, is associated with IV drug users and the immunocompromised.
Pseudomonas species, which are very resilient organisms that thrive in water, may contaminate street drugs that have been contaminated with drinking water.
Streptococcus bovis, which is part of the natural flora of the bowel, tends to present when the patient has bowel cancer.
HACEK organisms are a group of bacteria that live on the dental gums, and are associated with IV drug users who contaminate their needles with saliva.  (+ info)

How serious is bacterial endocarditis? Can it be fatal?

Does a small VSD make it more serious?

It is a very serious condition, as stated below:

Any infant, child or adult who has congenital heart disease that has not yet been repaired can develop bacterial endocarditis. Some people who have already had a heart defect repaired may also need to take precautions against bacterial endocarditis for the rest of their lives, while others may no longer need to observe these precautions. Heart problems that put children at risk for developing bacterial endocarditis include, but are not limited to, the following:

* Mitral valve prolapse, an abnormality of the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart that causes backward flow of blood from the left ventricle into the left atrium.
* Prosthetic (artificial) heart valves
* A previous history of endocarditis (even in the absence of other heart disease).
* Complex cyanotic congenital heart disease (due to insufficient oxygen in the blood).
* Surgically constructed systemic pulmonary shunts or conduits.
* Uncorrected conditions such as patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, primum atrial septal defect, coarctation of the aorta and bicuspid aortic valve.
* Acquired valve dysfunction, such as due to rheumatic heart disease or collagen vascular disease.
* Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an enlarged heart muscle that causes impeded blood flow.  (+ info)

Risk of bacterial endocarditis?

My brother was born with aortic stenosis and a bicuspid aortic valve that was surgically corrected 2 years ago using the Ross Procedure (removing the diseased aortic valve and replacing it with his pulmonary valve then getting a donor pulmonary valve). He has to go in next week to get two small cavities filled and the dentist prescribed him amoxicillin to take beforehand to reduce the risk of bacterial endocarditis.

He has been joking that he won't take the pills and will see what will happen. What's the risk of actually getting bacterial endocarditis if he doesn't take the pills?

He is playing with his life. I don't know percentages but I do know that if he would get endocarditis it is very life-threatening to anyone not only those with weaker heart/aortic tissue. I always take the medication as I have had a valve replaced also. In discussion one of my dental hygienst said her husband perfectly healthy had gotten endocarditis just from flossing too deeply. So anyone can be susceptible to endocarditis.

Doctors are very careful giving out antibiotics these days and the amount you take now is not near what was given a few years ago.

I'd rather be safe as possible having gone through the surgery, than face an infection of my heart. Guess it depends on the risk he wants to take with his life.  (+ info)

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