FAQ - foot deformities, congenital
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What is the scientific name for Congenital Cleft Food and Hand?

Cleft foot and hand (split or lobster foot and hand) or partial adactyly is a rare inherited anomaly in which a single cleft extends proxially into the foot/hand.

Tibial hemimelia-split hand/foot syndrome (TH-SHFM) is a rare constellation of multiple congenital malformations which includes Ectrodactyly (Lobster claw deformity or Cleft hand/foot) with a wide range of phenotypes of absent tibia/tibial hemimelia or long bone deficiency

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What is the best brand of shoe for someone with a club foot?

I was born with club feet. I'm 46, so this was before surgery was common for correcting this deformity. Casting was used and my left foot appears normal. My right foot is fairly straight, but I tends to wear out the right shoe quickly. What is the best brand as far as comfort AND durability for someone with a slightly crooked foot, big ankle, and a foot that just isn't normal?


RedWing has a large selection of sizes .They will mix sizes if needed. I have had a near club foot .  (+ info)

Where can one get shoes to fit a foot deformed by Charcot Osteoarthropathy, apart from a hospital?

Someone I know has severe foot deformity due to Charcot arthropathy caused by diabetes. Hospital footwear clinics have long waiting lists and he is desperate for some shoes. Does anyone know any shops/ companies that specialise in making shoes and slippers for large/deformed feet?

Depending on where you are, see if there is an orthotics company near by. In the US, I recommend Hanger.  (+ info)

What type of foot disease or deformity can cause the entire foot to turn inward? Is surgery the solution?

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Why do I have a foot deformity while my identical twin doesn't?

I was born with hallux valgus (bunions) on both of my feet. My identical twin sister does not have this deformity. How is this possible?

You are identical at the level of cellular DNA. But how each of you develop in the uterus is dependent on many things aside from DNA. I other words this deformity is not dependent on DNA, but occurs during fetal development. That's a very individual thing.  (+ info)

What causes congenital cateracts and How dangerous are they?

I had an eye appointment yesterday and the Dr. said I have astigmatism (which I already knew) and he also said it looks like I have a congenital cateract in my left eye. My right eye is fine but he says there is "no correcting the left eye with prescription" He referred me to speacialist but said the probably would not do surgery becasue of my age....? If anyone knows anything about congenital cateracts please let me know!

P.S I'm 20 years old.

As the eye develops while you are a fetus alot of things have to happen just right for all the components to develop just right. Thankfully, almost always, these things do happen just right. In some cases, though, as the eye is developing one or both eyes may not develop exactly as we would like. When this involves the lens of the eye it many times will cause a congenital cataract. Congenital cataracts, then, are present from birth but because the lens structure is not quite normal many times a congenital cataract will worsen or time. As to how dangerous are they, as long as the lens structure is intact, the lens capsule is intact, and the lens does not begin to sluff tissue as it becomes hyper mature, then the cataract itself is not dangerous. Of course, if it becomes more dense then your vision will continue to become worse. Once you and your doctor decide the time is right for a cataract operation and lens implantation then you should see a dramatic improvement in your vision. Without examining you I really can't be very specific in my recommendations so I think it would be best to ask these questions of your specialist so he can give you his impressions, expectations, and treatment plan. Hope this helped.  (+ info)

What is the difference between CORONARY and CONGENITAL heart disease?

I'm filling out a family health history form for my doctor and it's asking if anyone in my family has had coronary or congenital heart disease. I know my mom has heart disease but I don't know which kind it is. One of the arteries to her heart was becoming blocked and they had to put a stent in that artery to open it back up - it's called angioplasty. Is that coronary or congenital? Thanks.

Congenital means "from birth." Congenital heart disease is something you are born with, such as a murmur. If her artery is becoming slowly blocked, she does not have congenital disease. Coronary is the build up of plaques inside the artery walls. See attached link :)  (+ info)

What kind of congenital heart research should i do?

I am really in doing congenital heart research in China. I have been working with the China California Heart Watch, a non for profit organization designed to help diagnose, treat, and help aid children with Congenital heart disease get the surgeries they need. I am a student at UCI and plan to apply for a research scholarship, what kind of research could I do which could be done with a 5,000 scholarship?


i have no idea, only kind of research i know is to find the cause or a cure or prevention for congenital heart disease, or a treatment(new surgeries or medicine to treat it) but there are at least 35 known types, so there may be more then one cure/prevention/cause. I would like to say thank you for helping though, Congenital heart disease doesnt get as much money as it need for research. I really hope one day there is a cure or prevention found for it so kids wont have to go through the same thing as me and my friends.  (+ info)

How is congenital heart disease related to a faulty signal transduction pathway?

I can find plenty of information on congenital heart disease and plenty of information on cell signaling/signal transduction but i cant find out how they are related can anyone help?

In some cases of congenital heart disease there are physical malformations that can cause electrical signals from one area of the heart to another area to be attenuated or timed incorrectly. The signal transduction pathway may be operating at the cellular level as it should. If the signals received to initiate the complex process are weak or not timed properly the resulting release of glucose to power the heart muscle may not be sufficient to sustain normal heart function. Muscle contractions may be either weak or not timed properly to co-ordinate with other heart muscles. In some cases there may be a lack of sufficient amount of a particular enzyme which may result in the signal transduction pathway within the cell to function improperly. As you may be aware from your research, normal heart function is a very complex process involving a great number of steps which all must take place in proper sequence. The number of steps within the cell alone are very complex. I hope that gives you some insight on the subject.  (+ info)

What's the difference between cretinism and congenital hypothyroidism?

Is congenital hypothyroidism a TYPE of cretinism? Or vice-versa?

I'm doing a research project and I'd appreciate anyone who can help! Thank you in advance!

Cretinism is caused by extreme hypothyroidism during fetal (congenital), infancy or childhood.
So congenital cretinism is the same as congenital (severe) hypothyroidism.  (+ info)

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