FAQ - granuloma, plasma cell
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Does anyone know what Plasma Cell Mastitis is?


My doctors told me I have Plasma Cell Mastitis but they have never heard of it before and have no clue on how to treat it.
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It is dilatation of the milk ducts.  (+ info)

With the free cell diabetes meter are you testing with whole blood or plasma?


Only laboratories can test plasma glucose.... all other tests are whole blood glucose. Regardless of what type of meter you're using.  (+ info)

interstitial plasma cell pneumonia?


what is the relevance of the 'plasma cell' in the disease title?
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Plasma cells are white blood cells that develop from B-cells and produce antibodies (immunoglobulins). Plasma cell interstitial pneumonia (PCIP) is a pneumonia that occurs in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims), and therefore have lower B-cell counts.   (+ info)

which specific cell functions primarily in antibody production? is it a plasma cell or a macrophage?


Plasma cells.
The stimulated B cell undergoes repeated cell divisions, enlargement and differentiation to form a clone of antibody secreting plasma ...

Then the B cells are stimulated by various cytokines to develop into the antibody-producing cells called plasma cells. Each plasma cell can secrete several thousand molecules of immunoglobulin every minute and continue to do so for several days. A large amount of that particular antibody is released...  (+ info)

in what way does the disease emphysema has to do with the cell membrane(plasma membrane)?


i have a presentation for my biology class and i need to firure that out please help me !!!
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The lungs should be considered “the environmental organ.” They are unique in their size and formation, and they interface with all the materials you inhale from the community environment, the work environment, and the personal environment. The lungs are made up of a series of branching tubes that provide the pathways for air entry and exit. These pathways, called bronchi, are exquisite in their design, with each tube branching twice: The major airway or windpipe (trachea) divides into two main bronchi, which in turn beget smaller and smaller orders of bronchi until some 22 divisions result in the final conducting passageways.

The respiratory or gas exchange function of the lungs begins in tiny sacs or folded structures (alveoli) attached to these tiny passageways. These smallest passageways continue to branch and finally connect with alveolar ducts, passageways thoroughly lined by alveoli. Each duct ends in a mass of alveoli. The avelolar-capillary membrane lines all of the alveoli and works as the blood-air interface. It allows life-giving oxygen into the blood and extracts the waste gas, carbon dioxide, from the blood. As stated earlier, this delicate membrane is only 1/50th the thickness of tissue paper, thin enough to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide, but still a barrier against fluid formation within the alveolar spaces.

The total surface of the alveolar membrane varies from 100 to 200 square meters, depending on the size of the person. The overall surface area of the alveolar membrane has frequently been equated to that of a tennis court. This comparison is really an underestimation! Thus, the lungs are by far the largest organs that make intimate contact with the environment.

The lungs are also the only organs of the body that receive all the blood from the heart with every heartbeat. Thus, any material in the bloodstream circulates through the lungs constantly. Some materials, such as small blood clots, can injure the membrane and cause the lung to leak fluid. Infections can cause pneumonia, and heart failure can flood the lungs. In these conditions, gas exchange becomes abnormal.

People who truly understand the lungs marvel at their complexity. Consider that roughly 100,000 small air passages that feed a membrane surface area greater than the size of a tennis court! This membrane wraps itself around at least 300 million alveoli and is lined with a myriad of tiny blood vessels called capillaries. Consider further the fact that approximately four quarts of air pass through the gas-exchange surface each minute, along with some five liters of blood, which traverse the capillary membrane. This magnificent machine occupies the chest cavity and, in all, is some 4 to 6 quarts of total volume. We certainly must consider the lungs the most exquisite packaging job in nature, and their function a splendid orchestration. Only the brain possesses greater complexity and capability in design and function.

Naturally, the lungs must be defended against outside damage, and recent research revealed some fascinating defense mechanisms. The nose acts as a filter, and the conducting air passages contain a protective mucous lining. Within the lungs, tiny hair-like cells called cilia sweep the air entering the lungs almost constantly, acting as janitors. Scavenging cells, called macrophages, are poised and ready to engulf particles that evade their sentinels. Macrophages are potent obstacles to damage from the environment, but these cells can release enzymes that damage the lung’s delicate structure.

Small amounts of normal lung fluids also help the lungs defend themselves. The surfactant system of the lungs allows easy filling and emptying of the lungs. Surfactant also provides an antibacterial and immune function to protect against infections.

Within the blood vessels of the lungs, an anti-clotting system combats small accumulations of damaging cells, aggregates, and small clots that enter the lungs from other parts of the body.

Thus, normal lung fluids are being formed and washed away constantly. The lungs have anti-irritants, anti-infectives, anti-enzymes, and immune defense mechanisms, all of which are coordinated to serve these organs well.

The gas-transfer function of the lungs is well understood today. (In fact, everyone should learn about this process, the essence of normal organ system function. Information on the topic is available in schools and in the numerous health-oriented articles that appear in the print media today). The biochemical or non-respiratory functions of the lungs are less recognized. We continue to marvel at the hormonal activities of the lungs that, as mentioned earlier in this chapter, regulate other functions of the body, possibly including the brain. Thus, the lungs work in cooperation with the brain, and are the main control system for the body. The lungs are unequaled in their diversity of functions and contributions to the health of the individual.

Thus, the chest, containing both lungs and heart, is not a “block box.” Let’s reconsider the orchestration of the lungs mentioned earlier in this chapter. This symphony includes 300 million alveoli and at least 100,000 small airways, as well as the larger airways, working together with each breath that leaves our body, some 12 to 20 times a minute. We consider the lungs to be the “pulmonary philharmonic” of our body. The heart, which pumps the blood, is the “cardiac choreographer.” For as words flow from a pen and move across the page, so the blood from the lungs is moved by the heart to serve all the organs of the body. But the “pulmonary philharmonic” and the “cardiac choreographer” must have a conductor. The “conductor” is the brain, our most vital control system. The whole human brain, including consciousness and awareness, is the conductor. And, as respiration and circulation are the “recital,” metabolism which fuels all bodily functions is the “melody.” Only the individual can perceive and know his or her own melody, the pitch, the tone, and the meter. In illness, we can all feel the decrescendo of despair. Can we once again ascend with a new cadenza and revel in rhapsody? Good music lasts and lingers on!  (+ info)

I need help listing the cell organelles from most important to least important?


I need help listing the cell organelles from most important to least important. Can someone help me?



The organelles I need help ordering are:

plasma membrane
nucleolus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Mitochondria
lysosomes
peroxisomes
cytoskeleton
chloroplasts

Thanks in advance.
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If this is AS biology, I suggest you just drop it right now  (+ info)

Plasmacytoma/Plasma cell dyscrasia?


My hubby got diagnosised with plasmacytoma in his L4 vertebrae 8 weeks ago. He has had surgery on his back to stabalise it and has just begun radiation therapy. I have just got copies of blood test he had in hospital and they say he also has Plasma cell dyscrasia.. My question is are they the same thing or are we talking two different diseases? We can't see haemtologist for another 5 weeks so any knowledgable advise would be great
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Plasma cells are a type of white blood cell that make antibodies.
That blood test may have shown an excess amount of IgG or IGA antibodies which would be an indicator of a plasma cell dyscrasia.
Sometimes plasmacytomas are localized and need only local radiation. Other times they are in multiple areas of the bone and bone marrow in which case it is called multiple myeloma.
Here's a brief, simple explanation reference http://cancer.emedtv.com/plasmacytoma/plasmacytoma.html

The hematologist/oncologist will need additional tests to characterize your husband's situation. he or she will be able to explain this much better than your GP doctor - especially after all the information from tests are in.  (+ info)

Can platelet rich plasma injections replace the need for hip replacement?


I have a doctor who wants to take my bone marrow out, my blood, and my fat cells and then inject the stem cell mixture into my hips. They claim that this will recreate new cartilage in my hips and restore mobility from my arthritis. Has anyone heard of this or had any success? Or should I just get my hips replaced? I am 44 years old and not quite ready to go under the knife.
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I guess the most accurate answer to your Q is "maybe, maybe not". Read this study:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2682411/

This is experimental. It doesn't seem that you would be harmed by the procedure. There is also no guarantee that you would be helped by it either.

Hip replacements, on the other hand, DO work. I've had both hips replaced in separate surgeries. By the time I had my surgeries I couldn't walk without a cane. Now I can walk miles, need no pain meds, have no limp, and can lead a normal life. I was very leery of having this surgery. I thought it was for old people. That's part of the reason that I put it off until I was in such bad shape. Basically I lost a few years of living because of my fears. Now I consider myself a poster child for hip replacement. Maybe someday researchers will discover a less invasive reliable way to replace or regenerate cartilage in arthritic joints. I hope that they do. Until then total replacement will remain the treatment of choice because it has stood the test of time and is so successful.  (+ info)

Donate my red cells or sell my plasma?


I've been donating blood for some years now, double red cell-

Recently a plasma place has opened up near my workplace, and I've switched over since I can use the extra money-

Of course this raises questions for me:

-Why are blood donors not compensated / "should" they be

-Is there a way possible to do both

-Is there lifesaving value of one product over the other

-
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you make a good point, im not sure why blood donors are not compensated, but i have heard of some people getting money for donating a certain amount of blood (maybe different states have different laws?). As for blood plasma, i heard you get around 30 bucks each time you donate, you have to sit there for 2 hours with a needle in your arm though and you can end up making around 300 bucks a month from what i've heard.  (+ info)

What is the life expectancy if a person found out to have a cancer of the bone marrow or plasma cells?


If at the age 45years old and a person had these type of cancer of the plasma, which are formed in the bone marrow, so what is the life expectancy in months or in years according statistics will the patiant still live longer than 20yrs? Is it one of the deadliest cancer? Do we really have a new medicine for these? How much does it cost or can we have for free? Out of 10,000 patients how many have this type of cancer? Thank you so much. GOD BLESS YOU.
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Well It is with great pleasure that in September of this year I will celebrate my 19th year cured from acute biphenotypic leukemia, meaning i had both acute myelogenous and acute lymphocytic leukemias combined. This was all due to an unrelated bone marrow transplant. In 1990 when I had my transplant my chances of survivng were less than 7 percent. I know things have improved enormously since then but I dont believe that medicine alone can determine ones chances of survivng. One really must believe that the possibilty of surviving exists and keep focused. I know there were people in the hospital at the same time as I was who had alot greater "chances" than I did that didnt survive because the thought of cancer was almost like a death sentence to them. As far as the cost of such, my medical expenses went over the $1 million mark the first year I was sick, I was insured by my job at the time so my medical coverage was the least of my problems. Had I not had insurance I would have never been a candidate for the bone marrow transplnt. Best of luck to you, God Bless. Anjanette  (+ info)

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