FAQ - hyperlipoproteinemia type ii
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How contagious is HSV type II genital herpes to men? How do those with it have sex still?


I like a person with HSV type II but we've never done it. I'm scared to for one and I'm not sure how contagious it is, if it can be controlled enough to have 100% certainty nothing will be spread, etc. So anyone have an idea?
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Hello I have HSV-2 as well.

Its usually VERY contagious while one is having an outbreak. It can also be contracted even if one isn't having an outbreak. But the chances are reduced.

There is medication out there that prevents the transmission of genital herpes. It isn't 100% guaranteed just like condoms aren't, but women have had babies without giving it to their partners.

People with HSV-2 can have a normal sex life like anyone else, just have to be more careful.

Maybe you could ask her what measures you two can take to make sure both of you are safe.  (+ info)

What is the difference between Type I and Type II Diabetes?


My grandmother was recently diagnosed Type II diabetes.
I don't understand the difference, could someone dumb it down for me? The doctor didn't really answer our questions thoroughly.
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Type 1 is an auto immune disease. Basically, for some unknown reason, your body decides that your pancreas is evil and kills it. Completely and utterly dead.
Type 1's are on insulin injections, or a pump, for the rest of our lives, bnecause we make absolutely no insulin of our own.

Type 2 can be managed with diet, exercise, medications or insulin.
Type 2's, for a lot of reasons, cant make, or use, enough insulin.
Maybe their pancreas isn't making enough, or they might not be able to use the stuff they do make.

Type 2's can be on insulin as well. Being on insulin doesn't make you a Type 1.

Your grandmother might be put on drugs to make her pancreas work better, or to help her use the insulin she does make.
Either way, eating less carbs, loosing weight etc are all ways to help her need less insulin.  (+ info)

How long does someone with skin type II stay in a tanning bed.?


I have dirty blonde hair, blue eyes, and very fair skin. I have determined that I am skin type II (burns easily but tans gradually). How long should I stay in a traditional tanning bed the first few times I go?
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well tanners only max u out at 20 minutes. with ur skin i would have to say 5- 10 mins the first few times, then gradually bring it up. use a SPF too.  (+ info)

To prevent Type II diabetes, is it more important to avoid sugar and carbs, or to avoid fat?


I understand that it is important to avoid both sugar/carbs and fat, to prevent insulin resistance (which then leads to Type II diabetes,) but which is more important?
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What will make the most difference in preventing you from becoming full-blown diabetic is to lose weight. If you are obese, do what you need to do to get down into the overweight category. If you are overweight, do what you need to do to get into the normal category. That's not to say there aren't healthy-weight people that still have insulin resistance, but that helps most people.

As for food intake, fat doesn't affect your blood glucose because it has no carb. Carbs impact your blood glucose and need to be moderated. Doesn't matter if it's sugar, fruit, potatoes, bread, or milk - carbs are carbs. Keeping your carb intake at less than 30-35g per meal will not overload your body, and the insulin you produce should be able to metabolize that. Focus on lean meats and veggies as the bulk of your food. 30 minutes of exercise daily also makes a big difference, even if you divide it into two 15-minute brisk walks, because that increase in your metabolism continues throughout the day.  (+ info)

Are there any type II Bi-Polars out there that successfully treat with alternative things?


Since I'm type II, I don't get manic, I get hypomanic. I like being hypomanic because I'm happy, don't get irritated or angry easily and I sleep better. My biggest issue is with depression and anger. I've tried so many psych meds and haven't ever had good results with them. Is anyone able to treat themselves using SAMe or herbs or something else? I'm also a rapid cycler. I'm open to most alternative treatments. Thank you for your help.
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I'm also type II...I have been on and off of meds quite a bit. I really like alternative/natural treatments, or rather the idea of them. Nothing has ever worked long-term for me, except Lamictal. The best luck I had without meds was when I did a few things:
1) kept a regular sleep schedule
2) exercised daily
3) avoided alcohol, drugs, and caffeine (as much as possible)
4)kept a mood diary
5) ate healthy
6) took supplements with omega 3 in it

Check out: http://www.allaboutdepression.com/cyclothymia/index.shtml

It's about cylothymia, but it's quite similar to Bipolar II. The website has some good mood diaries and other helpful tools. Good luck to you!  (+ info)

What are the typical symptoms of type II diabetes?


What are the typical symptoms of type II diabetes and how is it diagnosed?
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Symtoms of type 2

Diabetes Type 2:

* Increased fatigue : Due to inefficiency of cell to metabolise glucose, reserve fat of body is metabolised to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, it uses more energy as compared to glucose, hence body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.
* Polydipsia : As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
* Polyuria: Increase in urine production is the result seen when excess of glucose is present in body. Body tries to get rid of the extra sugar in the blood by excreting it through the urine. This can also lead to dehydration because excreting the sugar which carries a large amount of water out of the body along with it.
* Polyphegia : The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
* Weight flactuation : Factors like loss of water (polyuria), glucosuria , metabolism of body fat and protein may lead to loss of weight. Few cases may show weight gain due to increased appetite.
* Blurry vision : Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome is the condition when body fluid is pulled out of tissues including lenses of eye, which affects the ability of lenses to focus resulting in blurry vision.
* Irritability : It is one of the sign of high blood sugar because of the inefficient supply of glucose to brain and other body organs, which makes us feel tired and uneasy.
* Infections : Certain signals from the body is given whenever there is fluctuation of blood sugar (due to suppression of immune system) by frequent infections of fungal or bacterial like skin infection or UTI (urinary tract infection).
* Poor wound healing : High blood sugar resists the flourishing of WBC, (white blood cell) which are responsible for body immune system. When these cells do not function accordingly, wound healing is not at good pace. Secondly, long standing diabetes leads to thickening of blood vessels which may affect proper circulation of blood in different body parts.

Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed with the following blood tests:

Fasting blood glucose level -- diabetes is diagnosed if higher than 126 mg/dL on two occasions.
Oral glucose tolerance test -- diabetes is diagnosed if glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL after 2 hours.
Random (non-fasting) blood glucose level -- diabetes is suspected if higher than 200 mg/dL and accompanied by the classic symptoms of increased thirst, urination, and fatigue (this test must be confirmed with a fasting blood glucose test).
You should see your health care provider every 3 months. At these visits, you can expect your health care provider to::

Check your blood pressure
Check the skin and bones on your feet and legs
Check the sensation on your feet
Exam the back part of the eye with a special lighted instrument called an ophthalmoscope
The following tests will help you and your doctor monitor your diabetes and prevent complications:

Have your blood pressure checked at least every year (blood pressure goals should be 130/80 mm/Hg or lower).
Have your glycosulated hemoglobin (HbA1c) checked every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled; otherwise every 3 months.
Have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked yearly (aim for LDL levels below 100 mg/dL).
Get yearly tests to make sure your kidneys are working well (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine).
Visit your ophthalmologist) at least once a year, or more often if you have signs of diabetic retinopathy.
See the dentist every 6 months for a thorough dental cleaning and exam. Make sure your dentist and hygienist know that you have diabetes.
Kitty  (+ info)

What would the effects be if a non-diabetic was taking tablets meant for a type II diabetic? Could we sue?


I am asking as a relative of mine has been prescribed tablets for type II diabetes. It turns out that she is NOT diabetic and they have got her mixed up with another patient who has the same first name and a similar surname. She has been on these tablet for over two months. I presume they are to control blood high(?) blood sugar, so what would the effect of these be on someone who is not diabetic?
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There are indications for glucophage (metformin) in the non-diabetic, so just because she is non-diabetic doesn't mean they would be harmful. Glucophage is not a secretogogue, which means that it does NOT cause the pancreas to secrete insulin, rather sensitizes the body to its effects. There are other diabetic oral meds that do help the pancreas secrete insulin.

In order to bring a lawsuit there has to be harm. Accidentally giving a wrong medication is not enough in the absence of harm (did he pass out, or have a severe life-threatening reaction to the med?)  (+ info)

Is it possible to have Polycyctic Ovarian Syndrome and Type II Diabetes and have no problems getting pregnant?


I have PCOS and Type II Diabetes, and I've done some research online about the ability to conceive. But, none of the sites really tell me if it's possible to get pregnant from one try. See my boyfriend and I had unprotected sex, and let's just say he "forgot to pull out". Has anyone like me ever gotten pregnant like that? Anyone with information PLEASE let me know! Thanks!
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It is very much possible - women with PCOS / Type II get pregnant all the time (not even knowing they have PCOS and without any fertility meds).

PCOS "may" mean fertility could be reduced. It doesn't mean that you are infertile. Women with PCOS do ovulate, just not as frequently / regularly.

if you were ovulating, one try (and one lucky sperm) is all you need, so it is possible.  (+ info)

How low of blood sugar can a Type II diabetic have before going into a coma?


My husband has type II diabetes, he is on Metformin and Glyburide. He is now getting far more excersise and eating healthier, but has not adjusted medication. The other morning he woke up because he wasn't feeling well. He tested his blood sugar and it was 36. He drank a soda and had some crackers and peanuts before he felt safe to go back to sleep. He would like to know how dangerous that 36 reading was. We have a friend who we think had a reading of somewhere in the thirties, and when she woke up, she couldn't move or speak. She is fine now, but that was pretty frightening.
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Your husband needs to see his doctor to adjust his medication dosage if he is having regular lows. If he has lost weight and changed his lifestyle, he needs to change his medication doses accordingly.

36 mg/dl (2.0 mmol/l) is dangerously low. Symptoms can vary depending on factors such as how FAST his blood glucose dropped. Regardless, this is a dangerous level independent of whether or not it results in a coma. A coma can occur at this level in some people.

Your husband should not drive unless his BG is above 60 mg/dl, and he should have a snack. He needs to test his BG regularly, and should carry glucose gel on him. He needs to see his doctor right away. Hypoglycemia can be very dangerous.

Type 2's generally don't usually go into actual hypoglycemic comas without insulin, as their counter mechanisms to prevent this are intact. However, anything is possible, especially if his medication dose is way too high. It is still unsafe though, and I suggest he call his doctor today and explain the problem.  (+ info)

Is type II diabetes reversable if your not massively over weight?


Is type II diabetes reversable if your not massively over weight (like over weight like 5 or 10 pounds over?

I thought it was my understanding that all types of diabetes are reversable, but a friend of mine who was recently diagnosed said her type II is not because she isn't massively over weight.

I would like to know who is correct and is it reversable?
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According to my diabetics instructor in pharmacy school, type 2 diabetes actually is reversible in some patients. Non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs--what you get when you're overweight) promote insulin resistance, which is what actually causes the glucose intolerance that is seen in type 2 diabetics.

Diet and exercise alone can result in weight loss which will in turn decrease insulin resistance as well as possibly effect a 0.25-2.9% decrease in A1C (average plasma glucose levels over a 2-4 month time span). This instructor (who is a pharmacist) has even said in class that he has known some patients that were able to stop taking their diabetic medications (and still have normal blood glucose levels) just by diet/exercising and losing weight.

Type 1 diabetes unfortunately cannot be reversed. Islet cell transplantation is an option, unfortunately then you most likely have to deal with immunosuppressant meds, which is just as bad (if not worse) than insulin. Although there has been a report of an islet cell transplant patient not taking immunosuppressant meds and not having complications/rejection issues because of that. So, this therapy may be more popular if no immunosuppression is needed.  (+ info)

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