FAQ - kidney failure, chronic
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My cousin's doctors claim he ahs kidney failure and must go on dialasis. He is 40 and a hemophiliac. He has to get regular check-ups and this was discovered at a check-up. however, he claims he feels fine, as if nothing at all is wrong with him and doesn't understand why they say his kidneys are failing. He didn't even feel funny going into the doctors. he says everything works fine, feels fine. What are the symptoms if any????

Kidney failure ranges from mild to severe. Mild or moderate kidney failure may show few symptoms in spite of increased urea in the blood. Initially, symptoms may develop slowly. This is particularly true in the case of chronic kidney failure. In most cases, only when kidney diseases has progressed significantly that the symptoms of kidney failure begin to manifest.

If kidney failure is mild or moderate, symptoms may include frequent urination during the night and high blood pressure. In more severe cases, kidney failure symptoms may include anemia, hypertension, headaches, bone and joint problems, lower back pain, foamy or bloody urine, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. For more info, visit http://www.comprehensive-kidney-facts.com/kidney-failure-symptoms.html

Even though your cousin may not have many of the symptoms of severe kidney failure, he should follow his doctor's advice. Early detection and treatment are key to minimizing the effects of chronic kidney failure.  (+ info)

what does the nephrons have to do with chronic renal failure?

what part of the kidney is damaged in chronic renal failure?

The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney that removes waste and excess substances from the blood to be excreted in the urine or reabsorbed into the blood depending on the needs of the body. About one million nephrons are in the cortex (surface or outer layer) of each kidney, and each one consists of a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule which carry out the functions of the nephron. Nephrons also regulate blood volume and pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. Its functions are vital to life.
The millions of nephrons in the kidneys allow them to sustain a certain amount of damage. The kidneys cannot however, replace damaged nephrons, so once damage occurs, it is irreversible. Because of their large reserve capacity the first signs and symptoms of kidney disease are not typically seen until at least half of the total nephrons are damaged. With the destruction of the nephrons your kidneys can't function properly, they lose their filtering ability causing dangerous levels of fluid and waste to accumulate. This condition is called renal failure and can lead to complications listed in the website below:

Renal failure can be divided into two groups:
*Acute (a rapid onset) renal failure is often the result of major damage to the kidneys, such as infection, decreased blood flow to the kidneys, drugs that can be harmful to the kidneys, toxins, or blockage of urine outflow from the kidneys, such as stones lodged in the ureters or urethra.
*Chronic kidney failure progresses slowly over time with few signs or symptoms in the early stages. Many people with chronic kidney failure don't realize they have a problem until their kidney function has decreased to less than 25 percent of normal. High blood pressure and diabetes are the most common causes of chronic kidney failure.
For other causes of chronic renal failure check out this website:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/kidney-failure/DS00682/DSECTION=3  (+ info)

Fluctuation in creatinine level? Can a chronic kidney disease patient's creatinine decreased by medicine?

My mum suffers from CKD, her health used to be well. But, this year, her creatinine level keeps fluctuating. Initially, at 2.3 to 2.8, then to 2.4, then to 2.7 and now 3.0! Her urea at 85, WBC at 6.4 and haemoglobin level at 13.1 are all constant. The doctor doesnt really bother about the fluctuations in creatinine level. He said dialysis is only needed when creatinine reaches 4.0. But, I am really scared. Is my mum OK? Is she nearing the stage of renal failure? Since its just creatinine causing the problem, can creatinine be controlled with just medicine?

Creatinine is a difficult thing to control. A small fraction of it is contributed by your physical activity, but the vast majority is determined by your body size and remaining kidney function. As each of these things fluctuates, so does your creatinine level. Listen to the doctor. He knows what he's talking about. Just make sure your mom is taking her meds and watching her diet like her doctor has prescribed.  (+ info)

Interested in talking to chronic renal failure people?

I have kidney failure and am waiting for a transplant. Lately I find myself asking why me? why bother? and the like . I have been on dialysis for two years. My arm is totally scared. My skin is now like orange peels. Of course I have things to live for. I just feel defeated. Does anyone understand?

oh i dont think you should feel defeated, after all it takes a lot of courage just to go through as something as life changing as dialysis. just to avoid the needles and things like that have u tried peritoneal (dunno if thats correct) dialysis or having at least a permanent line put in for the dialysis?

anyways dont lose hope and just try and find the positives in life even though as hard as it may sound.. good luck finding the donor.  (+ info)

my husband has been told by the hospital that he has chronic kidney disease and his kidneys are working at ?

about60% instead of 100%....he is 56 years old and this has worried him...at each hospital visit his blood pressure is raised and we were told high blood pressure can contribute to his condition...but st home his blood pressure is normal...is he in real danger of kidney failure....and what can we do to improve the situation?

Sue, I am sorry to hear about your husbands kidneys and yes there are loads of things you do to help. My husband has just gone on to CAPD dialysis his kidneys are now working at 6%. He has been under the kidney unit for about 15 years. Diet is very important, absolutely no salt, don't cook with salt, cut potatoes up into small pieces, rinse and rinse them. My husband eats very little dairy, no milk, occasionally a bit of cheese, no bacon, no crisps,no sausage all the things you like.Have a look at the NKF website start looking at things that you can do to help keep dialysis at bay.Is your husband having his blood pressure taken regularly, make sure he does.Find out as much as you can about diet, what to eat and what not too. Good Luck.  (+ info)

What are the homeostatic mechanisms involved in chronic kidney disease?

How does chronic kidney disease affect homeostatic mechanisms?
What is the cause and what is the effect on homeostatic mechanisms, what are the treatments?

The kidneys are regarded as homeostatic organs. If you stop and consider what the kidneys do, you'll know how chronic kidney disease affects the homeostatic functions of these organs.

I'm not sure you're wording this question correctly -- "What are the homeostatic mechanisms involved in chronic kidney disease?" -- Kidney disease doesn't implement homeostatic mechanisms...it interferes with homeostasis..

"How does chronic kidney disease affect homeostatic mechanisms?" -- As I said, stop and consider what the kidneys do and then review how chronic disease affects the kidneys.

"What is the cause and what is the effect on homeostatic mechanisms" -- Like I said...

"what are the treatments?" -- Dietary restrictions, hypertension management, diabetes management, lipid management, weight management, smoking cessation, epogen injections, diuretics, vit. D, phosphate binders management, dialysis or transplantation. Obviously, the course of treatment depends on the causes and contributory factors.  (+ info)

What is the difference between Chronic and Congestive Heart Failure?

I see CHF used as an acronym all the time, for both chronic heart failure and congestive heart failure. Is there a difference between these two? Is one term more correct than the other?

chronic means bad ,worst chf is chronic to so they are both chronics  (+ info)

What are the symptoms and treatment for chronic heart failure?

I have already had quintuplet by pass surgery in 2003 and then had 5 stents placed in my heart in 2005. Recently I have had severe edema in my legs and my ankles and feet. I went to a few vascular surgeons and they said it was not any clots or blockages to my veins or a. They said my problems were most likely chronic heart failure. I am now on Lasix and weigh myself every day,but still feel bad. Any suggestions?

If you are now on Lasix that will help you remove the excess fluids that is in your legs and ankles. One thing you have to do is to limit your fluid intake. Since you have chronic heart failure, your heart cannot tolerate too much fluid in the body. This will make you more ill. Excess fluid intake can also accumulate not only on your legs and ankles but also in the lungs which will make you breathless. Try to ascertain or ask your cardiologist how much fluid intake you are allowed per day.  (+ info)

How long can you live after kidney failure if you recieve no treatment?

My grandmother is 87 years old she recently had kidney failure, but refused treatment they told her she would only have 2 days to live it's now been 3 weeks! I am just wondering how long can she live like this?

Depending on the true kidney function, diet, and fluid intake the general answer is 10 to 30 days. Did they tell you:

How long has she been followed?
You can actually live with the right diet for years on 10% kidney function.
Get in as much quality time with her now, while you can.
God Bless you both.  (+ info)

What are the chances of kidney failure that has only16% of both kidneys working?

My dad was diagnosed to have kidney failure both of them has 16 % working.it means he have to go an dialysis.Is there any way we could treat him? pls great advice ....im so worried about my dad.thanks in advance.i know its a wrong section ill take my chances here with people who has the same problem as my dad.

My wife's granpa is stage 4 kidney failure and my daughter has a birth defect where she might have to have a kidney transplant later on in life.

The one thing I noticed about my in-laws (wife's grandma) is that she controls his diet greatly to help his kidneys as much as possible. I feel bad for the man, but it has kept his kidneys from getting worse. Also, keep his system flushing, i was told by my daughter's pediatrician to make pure cranberry juice a part of her diet, not that crap that really isn't juice, the real nasty stuff. I sweeten it for her with loads of sugar until it is berable. I wish you luck, it's going to be ok with your dad.

Here, I found the brand that we use: http://www.mountainsun.com/products/juice.php

You have to be a brave person to drink this plain, lol. The bottle is kinda small for the price, but it is worth the money to keep him healthy.

E-mail me for questions/support. I don't mind. E-mail me if you want me to ask what his diet is exactly. I would have to call and ask......  (+ info)

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