FAQ - mediastinal emphysema
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My 11 yr old son was diagnosed with mediastinal emphysema due to air leak , pls explain possible causes.?


He was admitted on the 8/3 and discharged 4 days after. Given O2 n still puzzled with what happened. 3 days after he was discharged he was full of subcutaneous air everywhere, taken again in A n E. Dr's said it will be absorb but still no proper explanation what really is happening with my son. Last Friday he was taken ill again with severe headache, high temp and vomitting and admitted
for two days. Is this related from his problem previously that is not been investigate properly? This time they said its virus and tonsilitis. This time bld test is done with high WBC and CRP of 90. Please advise what is happening and what sort of test he needed to exclude anything going on.
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What is the most likely cause of an anterior mediastinal mass?


If an otherwise healthy adult is found to have an anterior mediastinal mass on CT scan, with no infiltration of surrounding organs and no lymphadenopathy, what kind of tumor is this most likely to be?
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Well is the lymphatic system is not involved it is not lymph nodes. What is left may be a growth on the thymus gland which is just deep to the sternum, or perhaps a heart mass. Just wait for the path report or any further testing to find the source.  (+ info)

What is the chance of getting emphysema if you have not smoked in 30 years?


My grandmother has not smoked in 30 years and was in good health and then all of a sudden she has emphysema! She was also diagnosed with pnemonia as well. Thats how they found the emphysema.
They said it was from smoking but i have been doing research and i want to ask them if she has an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Why have they not diagnosed her sooner if its so severe?
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When Dr's are clueless, smoking becomes the number 1 cause of everything. I'm sorry about your grandmother, but I'd get another opinion.  (+ info)

What are some of the common remedies for lung emphysema at old age?


lung emphysema remedies.
medecines and such.
just a list of drugs and such will be ok.
thank you.
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There aren't any cures.

Bronchodilator inhalers such as albuterol can help increase your airflow. Antibiotics if there is any infection, and oxygen if your blood oxygen is too low.  (+ info)

What are the earliest symtoms of emphysema?


How does it differ from COPD? Or, is one a subset of the other?
Is there any treatment for emphysema that can arrest its development? Or, will it always worsen, even if cigarette smoking is stopped?
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Emphysema is hyperinflation of the air sacs with destruction of the lung tissue. Your lung tissue losses it elacticity and breakdown it down leading to breathing limitations. There is a strong association between cigarette smoking and this disease. As a result the destruction of the lungs, blood vessels, pulmonary artery pressure rises and the right side of the heart must work harder to pump blood. This can lead to heart failure.
COPD is the chronic condition of persitant obstruction of air flow through the bronchial tubes and lungs.
There are no cures for this disease however there are some things to lessin the effects such as portable oxygen and things to this nature.
Stopping smoking is definelty something that will help in the long run!
Hope this helps!  (+ info)

What medical terms might my doctor use that relates to emphysema?


I am going to the doctor because I have been having a difficult time breathing and I think that I might have emphysema because my brother has it and he says it sounds like I may have it also. I would like to know what medical terms my doctor might uses that relates to emphysema and what type of question will he ask me.
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Just because you have difficult time breathing, doesn't always mean emphysema. Other conditions besides emphysema that cause difficulty in breathing could be early stage (or any stage) of lung cancer, COPD chronic obstructed pulmonary disease (i think that's the correct name), asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia. The doctor may ask if you smoke, if you used to smoke and quit, or if anyone else around you smokes, or if you are exposed to irritants that could cause you to have difficulty breathing, such as chemical fumes and strong odors. In some cases, difficulty breathing is a result of an allergic reation to an allergen, what are you allergic to?

If it is indeed emphysema, make sure you let your doctor know how often you are having difficulty breathing, and what activities do you do that make you feel short of breath. Sometimes if you have trouble breathing throughout the day, you may be having trouble breathing at night as well. This can cause you to actually stop breathing while you sleep, and you wouldn't even know it. This is called sleep apnea, and very dangerous. ..If this is the case, talk to your doctor about getting a portable oxygen tank, a sleep ap(sp?), or a compressor for your home.

Good luck, and I hope your health gets better.  (+ info)

How long will my grandma live with emphysema?


My grandma is 65 or so, and she has been diagnosed with emphysema. She's never smoked, but her relatives did when she was a child. The doctor's have done lots of testing, and she's between stages 2 and 3.

What can she do to make it a better, (we know it's a chronic illness)
And how much would money would it take to get a lung transplant?
What is the life expectancy? The internet has been kind of useless so far...

Thanks!
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People live for years and years with emphysema, it's not nice but if your grandma is looked after, gets the medication she needs, plus tries to keep active and get regular proper exercise then she should enjoy an almost normal life.
A lung transplant is most likely out of the question, first of all you've got to be fit enough to survive the operation . . . !
Make sure she gets a nebuliser, home oxygen and that her doctors keep up to date with her treatment and her progress.
Plus a little love from family goes a long, long way in helping people cope and enjoy life.
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What is your life span with emphysema if you contiune to smoke?


My friend is 23 with emphysema she smokes but she refuses to stop like she doesnt care? She was dinogsed with emphysema at 19 before she started smoking she started cause she says it helps with depression. yes im talking about cigarettes. she recently went to the hospital last december cause she pulled a muscle in her lungs and they sayed she has early stage. she had asthma when she was younger. so how long does she have to live. and what is end stage like? is it painful she says she doesnt feel any pain?
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What is some recent research and developments in treatment for Emphysema?


I need some information on recent research made on the cure for emphysema. Sources please!
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type in google search emphysema research you will get many sites Good Luck to you  (+ info)

How to tell if you have asthma or emphysema?


If two different doctors listened to your lungs and diagnosed you with asthma and you passed a pulmonary function test would you still be able to have emphysema instead?

I smoked all of my teen years and I'm now 20 and I can't breathe good and I'm worried it's emphysema because I'm not responding well to my Proair inhaler the doctor prescribed me. I need some time of comfort.
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