FAQ - melioidosis
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since we don't have wound on our skin why we still needs to wear glove and boot to prevent melioidosis?

since we don't have wound on our skin why we still needs to wear glove and boot to prevent melioidosis?

Melioidosis, a disease caused by the Burkholderia pseudomallei bacterium, also is known as Whitmore's disease. An aerosolized form of Burkholderia has been considered for use in biological warfare. Burkholderia are primarily found in the tropics, and live in soil and water. Melioidosis is endemic in southeast Asia. It is contracted by humans and animals through direct contact with a contaminated source.

The following step will show how to prevent melioidosis.

Step 3 : Wear boots and gloves while doing agricultural work. Use additional precautions if you are at risk for melioidosis. Avoid contact with soil and standing water in areas where it is endemic if you have a compromised immune system, chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus or skin lesions. This can be difficult because contaminated soil is so common in endemic areas.

Step 4 : Continue a prolonged treatment plan with oral antibiotics to prevent a relapse of melioidosis after the acute disease has been treated. Use co-trimoxazole and doxycycline for 12 to 20 weeks. Co-amoxiclav should be given to pregnant women and children under 12 but it is not as effective.

Step 5 : Comply with the eradication plan. Melioidosis has a relapse rate of 10 to 20 percent and poor therapy compliance is a primary cause.  (+ info)

Is there any vaccines for melioidosis?

i am doing a report for melioidosis so anyone can tell me whether there is any vaccines for melioidosis?

teoh -
There is no vaccine for melioidosis. Prevention of the infection in endemic-disease areas can be difficult since contact with contaminated soil is so common. Persons with diabetes and skin lesions should avoid contact with soil and standing water in these areas. Wearing boots during agricultural work can prevent infection through the feet and lower legs. In health care settings, using common blood and body fluid precautions can prevent transmission.

As you may know, melioidosis, also called Whitmore's disease, is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Melioidosis is clinically and pathologically similar to glanders disease, but the ecology and epidemiology of melioidosis are different from glanders. Melioidosis is predominately a disease of tropical climates, especially in Southeast Asia where it is endemic. The bacteria causing melioidosis are found in contaminated water and soil and are spread to humans and animals through direct contact with the contaminated source. Glanders is contracted by humans from infected domestic animals.

Most cases of melioidosis can be treated with appropriate antibiotics. Burkholderia psuedomallei, the organism that causes melioidosis, is usually sensitive to imipenem, penicillin, doxycycline, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, azlocillin, ceftazidime, ticarcillin-vulanic acid, ceftriaxone, and aztreonam. Treatment should be initiated early in the course of the disease. Although bloodstream infection with melioidosis can be fatal, the other types of the disease are nonfatal. The type of infection and the course of treatment can predict any long-term sequelae.  (+ info)

Facts about the following diseases!!?

1. Anthrax
2. Smallpox
3. Plague
4. Ebola
5. Marburg
6. Botulism
7. Tularemia
8. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
9. Psittacosis
10. Melioidosis
11. Typhus fever
12. Nipah virus
13. Hantavirus
14. Argentinian hemorrhagic fever
15. Chikungunya fever
16. Coccidiodomycosis
17. Dengue fever
18. Dysentery
19. Eastern equine encephalitis
20. Ebola hemorrhagic fever
21. Glanders
22. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome
23. Japanese Encephalitis
24. Lassa fever
25. Melioidosis
26. Monkeypox
27. Omsk hemorrhagic fever
28. Scrub typhus
29. Spring-summer encephalitis
30. Trench fever
31. Yellow fever

That is a very long list! It would be probably easier to read if you visit the sites with the relevant information yourself.

Here are some helpful sources: http://www.mayoclinic.com
http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/  (+ info)

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