FAQ - myotonic disorders
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What do you all think of personality disorders?

A lot of people think they may have personality disorders, But when it comes to doctors, they make a careful diagnosis. In actualality, people's symptoms fit in to a bunch of different "labels" Do you agree that doctors may be over diagnosing people with personality disorders?

I have many years of experience as a therapist in the mental health field and can affirm the reluctance of insurance companies to authorize treatment for personality disorders. However, in most reports I see, the presence of a personality disorder is noted if the clinician believes it's there.

I don't see clinicians as prone to either under or over diagnose personality disorders, but I am sure there are some practice settings where that happens. Bottom line is that the DSM IV TR spells out the criteria for meeting the various personality disorder clusters, and you use those guidelines in making decisions. If the clinician is lazy and relies on instinct or impression to diagnose, rather than use the criteria, well, that's just not being very thorough  (+ info)

What percent of people in the world suffer from chronic sleep disorders?

Also, how about America?

I'm doing a speech on sleep disorders tomorrow and I can't find the percentages anywhere.

it is between 10 and 20 per cent. depending on the disorder for the world, and for America
web sites below.  (+ info)

What is the link between atheletes/models/etc and binge-eating disorders?

I read somewhere that atheletes and models- or any other professionals whose bodies are on "public display on a frequent basis"- notably struggle with binge-eating disorders where they rapidly and excessively consume foods at certain periods of time, usually due to depression, anxiety, boredom, etc.

It seems sort of odd to me that this is the case, considering atheletes and models are usually very slender.

What do you guys think are some of the links?

You are asking about two very different groups of people.

When it comes to elite level athletes, yes, there are certain sports where eating disorders are a big problem. It has less to do with "bodies on display" than with "if I lose 5 kg I'll shave 5 seconds off my time" or similar. You can, for example, look into ski jumping, where a minimum BMI has been set due to jumpers losing as much weight as they can - to unhealthy low lovels - to be able to fly further on their jumps.

Models are on public display, but they also have to maintain a certain body type as their role is a living hanger for the clothes. Unlike with (most) athletes, models can and do use illicit drugs to keep their weight down.

Now there will be binging and purging in both groups, but I do not know to what extent it exists.  (+ info)

How many personality disorders can a person have?

I am just curious,l how many personality disorders can one person have? Can someone have borderline, narcissistic, and paranoid personality disorders at the same time? Or more even?
I know some of them have qualities that relate somewhat but if the person meets the criteria entirely for more than one of them do doctors diagnose them with multiple disorders?


A person will only be diagnosed with on personality disorder. If they have traits of several they will be diagnosed PD NOS or given a cluster diagnosis.
A person that has both Borderline and Narcissistic traits is most likely an anti-social PD.  (+ info)

What are some dermatological genital disorders?

I have oral and genital sores that test negatively for any STD's. I've read a little about Behcet's disease and am researching other genital skin disorders.

I just typed in my search bar "derrmatological genital disorders" and went to site #1 - Genital Skin Problems.Derrm.Net NZ. They have a whole list of genital disorders that you can click onto and they also show pictures. I looked at Behcet's disease and it stated that in the U.S. only about 1 in 20,000 get that disease and it also showed photos. Why don't you go to this site and look up each one. Maybe you can find out what you have. I hope this helps you. Good Luck!  (+ info)

What mental disorders are strictly genetic?

I have to do a research paper for school and i wanted to know what mental disorders are strictly genetic. I was going to do something like schizophrenia or bipolar. However as some of you may know, these disorders are highly debated whether they are genetic or acquired.

none that are 100% proven to be genetic, although there can be some genetic factors. Honestly, it's a mix of lots of things. Think about it: if evolution and natural selection did happen what would be the benefit in a genetic mental disorder?

here are some that are thought to have some genetic factors:
Postpartum depression
Delusional disorder  (+ info)

What are costs of diagnosing disorders in the digestive system?

Investigate and compare the cost of at least three tests used in diagnosing disorders of the digestive system.

I don't know about the costs, but I would think gastroscopy, colonoscopy, and a detailed blood test. (of all 3 , the blood test is cheapest).  (+ info)

What is the best diet for people with heart disease,stroke and blood disorders?

I have been considering changing my diet to vegetarian because of my personal and family health history including heart disease, strokes and blood disorders. My boyfriend is overweight and has heart problems and diabetes. What diet would be best for us?

Low soduim, low fat diet. Stay away from processed food, fast food. Eat lean meat stay away from red meats. Try to bake your food not fry it. Do not add salt. Eat plenty of green vegies  (+ info)

What are the most common hemotological disorders and diseases?

Especially those causing low blood count, temors, and vomiting of blood. Any disorders are helpful.

Leukemia- cancers in the blood forming tissues.

Hemophilia- genetic illness that causes dysfunction in one of the blood's clotting mechanisms.

Hemorrage- Internal bleeding (can be caused by several things)

HIV- The virus, which causes AIDS, one of its ways of transport is via blood cells.

Hepatitis B and C- Different viruses which bring disease of the liver causing liver inflamation which can later turn into cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Malaria- Transmitted by mosquito bites, the parasite causes fever, anemia, chills, flu-like illness, and in severe cases, coma and death.

Trypanosomiasis- "sleeping sickness" Inflamation of the lymph nodes, and if symptoms spread they include anemia, endocrine, cardiac, and kidney diseases and disorders. The symptoms of the second phase give confusion and reduced coordination, the sleep cycle is disturbed with bouts of fatigue punctuated with manic periods progressing to daytime slumber and nighttime insomnia.

Sickle cell- Disease refers to a chronic hemolytic anemia associated with sickle cell hemoglobin, either homozygous or in combination with thalassemia or with another abnormal hemoglobin (such as C or F).

Exsanguination- Total loss of blood by lack of coagulating factors, such as hemophilia.

etc...  (+ info)

How do people die from eating disorders?

Mainly anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. I have been doing research on the two eating disorders and I would like to find out what others have to say or think about the two.
The pictures that I've seen are haunting me!

Usually anorexic people die from organ failure (kidneys, liver, etc.) because they are not sustaining enough in their diet to provide what the body needs. Lack of protein also can cause lack of concentration and other problems with the workings of the brain.  (+ info)

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