FAQ - neovascularization, pathologic
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I had a CT scan on my neck for what seem enlarged lymph nodes?


This is what the report states, There is mild mucosal thickening in the paranasal sinuses. There are a few small,nonenhancing lymph nodes at levels II and V, they are not pathologic by CT criteria. What does this mean, my doctor said it wasn't important. I'm a Cancer Survivor and it scares me, can anyone explain the level thin as well.
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It means you had a normal exam and there is nothing wrong. I don’t know what you mean by “level thin”.  (+ info)

Where can I find credible (and easy to acess) medical information about what is a disease and what is not?


I'm doing a research paper and my thesis is to say that alcoholism is not a disease (BUT PLEASE, this is not my question...I already have my arguments and you won't change my mind...besides, I'm almost done with the paper, and I cant change it now, hihihi).
I'd like to have reliable information saying if obesity, eating disorders, nynphomania, pathologic gambling, and other addictions are diseases.
Anyone knows where?
Oh thank you all!
And yes..I will learn how to spell, don't worry..I've been studying English for only one year...so I'll be fine =D
(besides, I think spelling was not my only problem, you should have noticed that I'm not a english native speaker...)
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I do my research on Webmd.com or mayoclinic.com

Also the Nat'l Institute of Health

Good luck!  (+ info)

Is there a such thing as a healthy obsession? If so, what's an example?


Obsession in Psych is constantly used as a negative term. Symptoms almost considered pathologic. I am determined to get insight from individuals who may or may not believe there is a such thing as a "healthy obsession" For instance, if I wasn't a little obsessed with my career, I probably wouldn't have gotten this far. Any takers?
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Obsession by definition is negative. If it had no negative consequences, it wouldnt rise to the level of being an obsession. An obsession occupies so much of your thoughts, time and effort that it interferes with your normal functioning.  (+ info)

Can't lose the last 5 pounds to reach my weight goal...


I'm female, 21 years old, 4 Feet 11 Inches tall, and weigh currently 106 pounds.

I was 121 pounds. I've started my diet and exercise routine almost 2 and a half month ago.

Something to be noted is that my lifestyle is a bit different. I have a job (little physical activity, I work at a desk) from 8 pm till 5 am, so I get home and sleep from 6 am till 1 pm, Then at 2 pm I eat a meal that consists of a plate of low-fat yogurt, one slice of toast, an apple and an onion. At 5 pm I go for a 50 minutes brisk walk, then get back home and immediately do a 15 to 20 minutes thighs, butt, stomach, waist and arms exercise. At 9 pm I eat another meal consisting of the same as my 2 pm meal. At 1 am I drink a big glass of zero-fat skimmed milk (I use one small tablet of an artificial sweetener rather than sugar). I drink lots and lots of cool mineral water throughout the day. What I mainly did is stop my pathologic consumption of candy and soft drinks, that was my problem. Anyway, that's how my day goes.

Anyhow, my goal is 101 pounds, and I have to lose 5 pounds in 16 days. I've been stuck at 106 pounds for the last 20 days, and it's like my weight won't budge anymore...Although I'm feeling healthier and more energetic, I really want to reach my goal.

Any ideas?
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I have nearly the exact same body type as you do!

I am 4'10" , 22 years old, and currently 130 pounds, though I used to be around 138 a couple months back and 158 two years ago. My goal is 120 pounds over the next few months because I have the sort of body type that does not change easily, plus a ton of muscle mass. I exercise five days a week for one hour (circuit, heavy weights, running, plyos) and that seems to help.

If you want to lose more weight, I would suggest increasing the intensity of your physical activity. Try harder forms of cardio such as jump squats, 30 second sprints at 8.0 miles per hour, hill runs at 6.0 miles per hour / incline 12 for one minute in between weight lifting sets. You sound like you eat well, but calories matter the most.

Though you are already well within a healthy weight range (I would kill to be at 115 pounds, much less 101!), you can lose weight the same way as ever - lower calories, increase activity. But the best thing you can do at this stage is simply to change your body composition - add muscle and subtract fat - you may stay the same weight or even slightly heavier, but you will look smaller and firmer.

Hope this helps - I'm rooting for you!  (+ info)

Can (RGB) contact lenses be comorftable?


Hi. I have "neovascularization" -Some type of vascular growth in the cornea due to lack of oxygen supply. Because of this I've had to switch from soft to RGP lenses. But the RGP lenses are just never comfortable. I'm thinking of getting an impantable contact lens or phakic lens. Should I do this? What are hybrid contact lenses (like from SynergEyes)? Are these more comfortable?
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There is a kind of RGB lens that you wear at night, so you wont feel them that much. Also after your eye develops a calus you won't feel them anymore. For most people, after 2 weeks, you won't feel them anymore. Also eye drops help reduce the pain.  (+ info)

how does incomplete femoral fracture differ from complete femoral fracture??


also, it is a pathologic one. the patient slipped a month ago and ignored it until she felt severe leg pain.
tnxu...
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Incomplete fracture occurs when the bone cracks only partly, leaving at least some of the cross section intact.

Complete fracture occurs when the bone breaks into 2 or more entirely separate pieces.

Sometimes, the patient may be unaware that they have a fracture when they have an incomplete fracture. However , friction between the two sides of the crack can eventually cause inflammation and pain. Or infective agents can get inside the bone and set up infection causing severe pain.  (+ info)

I am trying to find out what my child's pathology report means? No real help from doc - does have GERD.?


Here are the results. Child does have GERD and this biopsy was done through an endoscopy.
FINAL PATHOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS
1. STOMACH, ANTRUM, BIOPSY: GASTRIC BODY TYPE MUCOSA WITH NO
PATHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS.
2. ESOPHAGUS, LOWER, BIOPSY: SQUAMOUS MUCOSA WITH NO PATHOLOGICAL
DIAGNOSIS.
3. ESOPHAGUS, PROXIMAL, BIOPSY: SQUAMOUS MUCOSA WITH REACTIVE
CHANGE OF THE BASAL LAYER AND RARE INTRAMUCOSAL NEUTROPHILS
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Are they investigating for the stomach condition called Crohn's Disease? Neutrophils fight off infections and the fact they found them in the gut with other changes could be an indication of this - although I am no expert. In Crohn's the body mistakes some foods for infections and 'fights them off', which causes swelling etc (rather like hayfever does to the nose) in the intestine. This might explain the 'change of the basal layer'. I think you have to ask the hospital where the endoscopy was performed and perhaps ask if they have ruled out Crohns, and if so, what else is indicated by the results of point 3.
Best wishes to you both  (+ info)

What does this mean?


A friend was recently diagnosed with Prostate Cancer. The biopsy report said Pathologic Stage: T1C: NX: MX STAGE II.
What does this mean? I think I know what T1C means but what about NX, MX and STAGE II?

Thanks
Thank you Nochocolate!! I appreciate the information
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N Stages -- N0 means the cancer has not spread to any lymph nodes. N1 indicates spread to one or more pelvic lymph nodes. Nx indicates that regional lymph nodes cannot be assessed.

M Stages -- M0 means the cancer has not metastasized beyond the regional nodes. M1 means metastases are present in distant lymph nodes, in bones, and/or other distant organs such as lungs, liver or brain. The site(s) of the metastases may be specified. Mx indicates that distant metastases cannot be assessed.

Staging
After the level of aggressiveness of your prostate cancer is known, the next step, called staging, determines if or how far the cancer has spread. Your cancer is assigned one of four stages, based on how far it has spread:

Stage I. Signifies very early cancer that's confined to a microscopic area that your doctor can't feel.
Stage II. Your cancer can be felt, but it remains confined to your prostate gland.
Stage III. Your cancer has spread beyond the prostate to the seminal vesicles or other nearby tissues.
Stage IV. Your cancer has spread to lymph nodes, bones, lungs or other organs.
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/prostate-cancer/DS00043/DSECTION=6


Stage T1 disease

Stage T1a disease

Stage T1a disease is always found incidentally, usually in older men who have received a surgical procedure called a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to help them urinate with greater ease because their prostate is enlarged. To qualify as stage T1a, not more than 5% of the tissue removed during the transurethral resection can show signs of prostate cancer, and all the cancer cells must be "well differentiated" which means that the cells have a comparatively regular form and order. Stage T1a disease is best compared to stage A1 disease in the older Jewett-Whitmore staging system.

Stage T1b disease

Stage T1b disease is very similar to stage T1a disease. It too is always found incidentally as a result of a transurethral resection of the prostate. However, we call it stage T1b as opposed to stage T1a if more than 5% of the tissue removed is prostate cancer tissue or if that tissue is "moderately or poorly differentiated" or both. We say that cancer tissue is moderately or poorly differentiated if the cancer cells have started to become disordered and to lose their structure. Stage T1b is similar to the stage called A2 in the older Jewett-Whitmore system.

Stage T1c disease

We call a prostate cancer stage T1c when it is found as a consequence only of the patient having a positive result to a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test but no other clinical sign of the disease. This stage compares precisely to the so-called stage B0 disease in the Jewett-Whitmore staging system. Because of the rapid increase in the number of patients having PSA tests in the past few years, stage T1c has become a relatively common stage of prostate cancer to be diagnosed.
http://www.phoenix5.org/Infolink/ClinicalStaging.html  (+ info)

I don't want glasses. Help!?


Hi. I'm constantly having contact lens problems. I used to wear soft lenses and everything was just fine. But I had to switch to RGB- lenses because I was developing " neovascularization"- blood vessels growing into the cornea because of lack of oxygen.

The RGB lenses are just never comfortable. Can the discomfort just be in my head rather than reaility? When I go to the contact-lens specialist. -he says everything looks ok, That I have healthy eyes and that there is nothing more he can do.
I tried to wear glasses once- but I was in such a panic that I was eating less and getting thiner and thiner. (I have autism and social phobia- and this change I couldn't deal with.)
I've also looked into the possiblity of refractive surgery but this is too expense for me right now. I would need the lens implant because of my bad eyesight which costs more.

What can I do? I need lenses to sport and feel comfortable. Should I lend money from the bank to do the eye-operation?
TweetyBird: Please explain. Why would I diagnose myself with autism and social phobia ??
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There are new lighter weight glasses that you can barely tell that you are wearing.
Maybe you could go to an opthamologist that specializes in laser surgery and see if there is a program to assist you with the cost.  (+ info)

should i stop wearing my contacts?


so yesterday i was reading some article about "corneal neovascularization" and i got really scared. Sometimes when i don't sleep enough and I wear my contacts i get red veins in my eyes and they stay there for a while. and sometimes they disappear. i know i abuse my use of contacts by wearing them WAY too long per day and i don't want to go blind cause i'm only 15! and right now i have reddish veins on my eye and i'm scared i might develop corneal neovascularization. how can you tell if you are developing it?
and should i stop wearing my contacts? i'm really scared, i hate myself for ruining my vision.
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