FAQ - neurobehavioral manifestations
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Which hormone is primarily responsible for the physiological manifestations of a panic attack? ?


Negative emotions (like sadness, stress, anger, etc.) causes your Serotonin production to be low; when your Serotonin level is low, you are more prone to getting Anxiety, Panic Attacks, Depression, etc.

Medication like Antidepressants (SSRI - Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor) helps to boost Serotonin level.
But there are natural ways to do it without medication. There's this strange herb called "St John's Wort" - it is said to be more effective than Prozac. No, it is not for mild depression only and ignore those sayings. In fact, it does help anxiety and panic-attacks as St John's Wort works like prozac. Other natural ways will be exercise, diet, more exposure to light, etc.

The problem is that, even if your Serotonin is balanced... you have that "learned behavior" in your mind. You need to break that initial cycle to destroy that learned behavior - Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) does this. A technique that you can use without CBT will be Distraction... There are several other techniques to help cope them!
Ok, to use Distraction: Firstly, try to....

Extracted from Source.  (+ info)

What does "clinical manifestations" means"? Is it same as the "clinical presentation"? Any Examples?


They mean much the same.

"Clinical" manifestations of a disease mean those that can be determined by History (talking to the patient) and Examination (observing the patient, including with some simple tools like a stethoscope or thermometer).

For example, you might diagnose pneumonia clinically by talking to the patient and finding they have got sick quickly, feel hot one minute and cold the next, have trouble walking up stairs and are coughing a lot of discoloured phlegm. On clinical examination they have a fever, are breathing rapidly and have lung sounds consistent with consolidation. You deduce or diagnose clinically that they have pneumonia.

You might then confirm your "clinical" diagnosis with (non clinical) tests such as a chest Xray, sputum culture and blood gases.  (+ info)

Manifestations of dysrhythmias?


This is a question in my pharmacology class.

A health care provider has performed an assessment on a patient who is experiencing arrythmias. The provider interprets that which of the following manifestations is NOT related to the patient's cardiac rhythm? Why?
1) Palpitations
2) Frontal headache
3) Shortness of breath
4) Confusion

Thanks
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My answer would be headache. Cardiac arrythmias can decrease your cardiac output(the amount of blood pumped in a minute) Confusion, shortness of breath, and the feeling of their heart skipping or racing are signs. Most headaches are caused by vasodialation of the vessels in the head causing the blood vesels to swell and your head "hurts" Thats why most otc headache pills contain caffiene to shrink these blood vessels  (+ info)

Early onset of MS clinical manifestations?


Which clinical manifestations would serve to alert the nurse to the early onset of MS?

a. Hyperresponsive reflexes
b. Excessive somnolence
c. Nystagmus and ataxia
d. Heat intolerance

My first thought is fatigue, or excessive somnolence, but I also saw that vision problems are an early sign. I'm not sure.....
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The most common early symptoms of MS include:
Tingling
Numbness
Loss of balance
Weakness in one or more limbs
Blurred or double vision

Less common symptoms of MS may include
Slurred speech
Sudden onset of paralysis
Lack of coordination
Cognitive difficulties  (+ info)

What are autonomic manifestations?


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what are the clinical manifestations of amoebiasis?


It depends on which amoeba you are talking about.

With Entamoeba histolytica, symptoms range from mild digestive discomfort to severe diarrhea, colitis, pain, and bloody stools.

Acanthamoeba and Naegleria cause infections of the brain. Acanthamoeba is characterized by headache, altered metnal state, and neurological deficit. Naegleria is characterized by severe headache, fever, vomiting, and brain tissue damage.  (+ info)

pathological manifestations of arsenic?


Can it be traced in the blood?
what are the methods of testing its presence?
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yes, why do you plan on killing someone with it?  (+ info)

How do you know when a religious "pull" is really mental illness?


I am Bipolar, and have been an atheist for years. Recently I've felt drawn to Christianity, which has caused a lot of inner turmoil because IMO Christianity doesn't make sense. How can a person tell if religious feelings are "normal" or manifestations of a mental illness? I can't trust my own judgment; I once thought it was a really good idea to live in my car.
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What's the difference between negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia?


i read this about schizophrenia... could someone explain it

Schizophrenia is often described in terms of positive and negative (or deficit) symptoms.[16] The term positive symptoms refers to symptoms that most individuals do not normally experience but are present in schizophrenia. They include delusions, auditory hallucinations, and thought disorder, and are typically regarded as manifestations of psychosis. Negative symptoms are things that are not present in schizophrenic persons but are normally found in healthy persons, that is, symptoms that reflect the loss or absence of normal traits or abilities. Common negative symptoms include flat or blunted affect and emotion, poverty of speech (alogia), inability to experience pleasure (anhedonia), lack of desire to form relationships (asociality), and lack of motivation (avolition). Research suggests that negative symptoms contribute more to poor quality of life, functional disability, and the burden on others than do positive symptoms.[17]
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Yes, there is a difference between positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia.

People most commonly get confused because they think of a different definition for these terms. Positive=good. Negative=bad. That isn't how it works in schizophrenia. Think of it like money. Positive=you have something. Negative=you don't have something.

So, using that definition, positive symptoms are things that schizophrenics experience that mentally healthy people do not. It is considered positive because they have something that other people do not. Like what you read said, what they have that others don't is hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders. If you took a test that determined whether or not you hallucinate (there isn't actually a test that does this), a person that hallucinates would test "positive."

Negative symptoms are things that schizophrenics do not have that mentally healthy people do have. Like having a negative bank account...you don't have money but other people do. So, mentally healthy people show emotions on their face that are appropriate to the situation. They have a tone of voice that matches emotions. Schizophrenics can lack these expressions or tones of voice...therefore they have a flat or blunted affect. That lack of emotion and tone is negative because it isn't there. Same goes for the rest of the symptoms. A mentally healthy person is usually capable of speaking (not including mute people obviously). A schizophrenic person may sometimes be unable to speak. Negative because the ability to speak does not exist.

As for the last sentence of what you read, research does show that people who experience a lot of negative symptoms function worse than those who experience mainly positive symptoms. This is because, if you cannot speak or cannot motivate yourself or cannot experience pleasure...you are highly unlikely to be able to hold a job, have lasting relationships, or just socialize with people. The lack of motivation can become so severe that some schizophrenics do not practice normal hygiene routines because they cannot motivate themselves to do so. Or they can't motivate themselves to clean a house or cook meals. This leads to poor quality of life. A high amount of negative symptoms also leads to a higher chance of suicide attempts. If nothing you do brings you pleasure, not even old favorite hobbies...life begins to seem pretty meaningless.

Another really basic difference between positive and negative symptoms is that positive symptoms signal psychosis. Negative symptoms do not.  (+ info)

What are onset symptoms of schizophrenia an outsider might notice?


Would 16 likely be too early for these manifestations to appear? What symptoms would appear as the disease progressed?
I appreciate first-hand accounts. I have consulted web sights so I know the X's and O's so to speak, wondering about the subtleties specifically.
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My brother has schizophrenia. He's 17 and his symptoms started appearing around a year ago, so no, 16 isn't too young to develop the condition.

Firstly, he was just really depressed. My parents thought it was just hormones and he was going through a "bad patch".

He started spending more and more time on his own. He didn't want to go out with his friends anymore (he used to have a really busy social life) and he spent loads of time in his room. Sometimes I would go in there and he was just sitting on his bed, staring at the wall. He didn't talk very much and it seemed like he was all wrapped up in his own world. He hardly ever laughed or cried or showed any emotion at all.

And at the same time this was going on, he started to get really paranoid. His paranoia was pretty rational and believable to start off with, he thought his girlfriend was cheating on him so he dumped her, and he thought everyone was talking about him behind his back. My parents wanted to take him to the doctor for depression but he wouldn't go, and he was convinced that every time we went in the car, they were going to drive him to the doctor's, so he avoided car travel as much as he could.

We only started to see more obvious symptoms of schizophrenia about 6 months later, when he started saying things randomly (to the voices in his head) and crying at random times, for no reason whatsoever. And then he cut his arm with a kitchen knife, had to go to hospital and told the doctors that the voices told him to.

He's pretty much ok now, but schizophrenia is not a nice thing to live with. If you're worried about someone I would get them to the doctor now, before anything really bad happens.

Anna  (+ info)

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