FAQ - paraplegia
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Is cauda equina syndrome considered an incomplete paraplegia ?

I want to know if cauda equina syndrome is known as a incomplete paraplegia from spinal cord injury.

Incomplete Paraplegia
Every incomplete paraplegic will be different. Just because the cord damage is the same level as another person it doesn't mean the resultant disability will be the same. In fact most 'incompletes' are very different. What recovery there is will be dependent on three main factors. How badly the cord was damaged, what level it is and the precise area of the cord that was affected.

The potential recovery is normally seen in the first 6 months post injury although recovery gains have been reported to continue for up to 2-3 years afterwards. Recoveries and the potential for them will vary enormously. The very incomplete may have virtually no noticeable loss of motor function but impaired sensation or other bodily functions. The other end of the scale is where there is little or no motor function below the level of injury but sensation to touch/pain etc has been preserved. The potential for recovery will be affected by other factors too. i.e. access to good physiotherapy and occupational therapy, normally this will be on a specialist spinal injuries unit. General health post injury and the right mental attitude are also important in maximising any potential return of function.

My own injury is described as C4 incomplete tetraplegia. My cord damage is central cord syndrome. Very fortunately I was airlifted from the scene of my accident and within two weeks was on a specialist spinal injuries unit in London. My outcome is very similar to what is described below for central cord syndrome. My legs are much stronger than my arms enabling me to walk slowly with crutches indoors. My left arm has little motor function and my right about 30% of normal range of movement. My shoulder function and ability to extend or raise my right arm has remained very poor, meaning I still require a lot of help with daily living. My injury was in '94 and I broke C2,3 + 4, and consider myself very very fortunate to have had an incomplete injury at that level.

See below for the most common incomplete syndromes.
Incomplete Tetraplegia - Paraplegia

Types of Incomplete Spinal Injuries
An incomplete lesion is the term used to describe partial damage to the spinal cord. With an incomplete lesion, some motor and sensory function remains. People with an incomplete injury may have feeling, but little or no movement. Others may have movement and little or no feeling. Incomplete spinal injuries differ from one person to another because the amount of damage to each person’s nerve fibres is different.

The effects of incomplete lesions depend upon the area of the cord (front, back, side, etc) affected. The part of the cord damaged depends on the forces involved in the injury.

Anterior Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is towards the front of the spinal cord, this can leave a person with the loss or impaired ability to sense pain, temperature and touch sensations below their level of injury. Pressure and joint sensation may be preserved. It is possible for some people with this injury to later recover some movement.

Central Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is in the centre of the spinal cord. This typically results in the loss of function in the arms, but some leg movement may be preserved. There may also be some control over the bowel and bladder preserved. It is possible for some recovery from this type of injury, usually starting in the legs, gradually progressing upwards.

Posterior Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is towards the back of the spinal cord. This type of injury may leave the person with good muscle power, pain and temperature sensation, however they may experience difficulty in coordinating movement of their limbs.

Brown-Séquard syndrome: is when damage is towards one side of the spinal cord. This results in impaired or loss of movement to the injured side, but pain and temperature sensation may be preserved. The opposite side of injury will have normal movement, but pain and temperature sensation will be impaired or lost.

Cauda equina lesion: The Cauda Equina is the mass of nerves which fan out of the spinal cord at between the first and second Lumbar region of the spine. The spinal cord ends at L1 and L2 at which point a bundle of nerves travel downwards through the Lumbar and Sacral vertebrae. Injury to these nerves will cause partial or complete loss of movement and sensation. It is possible, if the nerves are not too badly damaged, for them to grow again and for the recovery of function.  (+ info)

Does anyone know much about hereditary spastic paraparisis also known as familiar spastic paraplegia?

Has anyone got any info on Hereditary spastic paraparisis also known as familiar spastic paraplegia?? Or has or know any one who has it??Just any info would be great.

My mother and I and 2 siblings all have (correct spelling) familial spastic paraplegia. My maternal Grandmother also had it. My mother is in a chair and I wear orthotics. My eldest sister has the disease the worst of any of the offspring.

As a child my mother used canes to walk, it has now progressed to the point that she uses a wheelchair most all the time. i.e. she does not use it to shower and can stand for minimal time. She still drives but has difficulty lifting her feet to do so.

If you haev questions please feel free to contact me. I will answer any questions I can.  (+ info)

Can anyone tell me anything they know about Paraplegia?

I did bunch of research on paraplegia for a report but I couldn't find anything useful. Any kind of info about it will help!Thanks!

  (+ info)

Is there any alternative medicine to reduce burning sensation due to paraplegia?

I am a paraplegic due to fractured Dv11-12 and damage to cord.

Whatever has happened i do not mind but now I develop very severe burning sensation on my bums and legs which makes me very very uncomfortable to sit on a wheelchair and even to sleep on back

I'm sorry for what you've had to undergo. I broke my back (L1, L3 & L4) several years ago in an auto accident. As a result, I had burning sensations in my lower back & leg. I know it's not a natural or alternative therapy, but my Doctor prescribed a medicine called Elavil or amytriptoline that blocks out that burning sensation. I was on that for several years & then switched over to another medicine called Neurontin which also blocks nerve damage pain. Good luck.  (+ info)

How is Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia inherited?

Is it dominant, recessive, sex-linked, co-dominant, etc.

Inheritance may be X-linked, autosomal recessive, or autosomal dominant.  (+ info)

Whats the different in a paraplegia and quadriplegia?

para means just the legs or half of the body, horizontally not half like two faced lol

quad means complete loss, you cannot move any of your limbs usually from the neck down.

para = 2
quad = 4  (+ info)

I'm from India.Yestrday I met a new friend with paraplegia after a diagnostic procedure. What could be the cau

I'm from India. Yesterday I met a new friend with paraplegia.It happened during a diagnostic procedure (radiological investigation of biliary system with some contrast media). What could be the cause of paraplegia? Is it drug allergy or faulty procedure? If it happened in USA what could have happened?

I have been in the Radiologic field for over 15 years, and I have never heard of paraplegia after a diagnostic exam. The dangers of using contrast media include Anaphylactic Shock (respiratory problems, itching, hives, airway passage swelling) and kidney failure.  (+ info)

Is there a cure for paraplegia caused by the C6-C7 spinal injury?

C6-C7 spinal cord injury initially caused quadriplegia, which later on comverted to paraplegia. Is there a sure shot cure for this or is there anything which can make the situation better?

AT this time there is no sure shot cure for spinal cord damage. The spinal cord injury can improve with time, as noted with the quadriplegia turning into paraplegia. This, however, was probably due to a decrease in inflammation and the contusion about the spinal cord in a short period of time after the injury. There can be some improvement and healing of the damaged tissues over time, but not sure shot cure. Follow your doctor's and physical therapist's advice and perform all of the therapies and exercises that they recommend. This can help over time. You may also want to find a natural-based healthcare practitioner to evaluate you and see about supporting the nerve tissue. Good luck!  (+ info)

How does Human Embryonic Stem Cells works on Paraplegia?

Well , you see adult human neyron , that is barin cells have no capacity to regenrate and develop , so with paraplegia some cells have died and are no longer part of cicuit , the circuit has breaken dwon, so when u infuse these human embryonic stem cells, these cells like embryonic cells have the capacity to divide , develop , and regenerate the circuits , this was re establishing the network which has been disturbed , reverst back to work.  (+ info)

What are some treatments for Paraplegia?

there are some new stem cell type programs started, otherwise therapy and preventive care  (+ info)

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