FAQ - rift valley fever
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Why all the world-wide fuss about avian flu and none about rift-valley fever, yet both are viral?

There was a world-wide scare when avian flu broke out in Asia last year. In Kenya, where I reside, there has been a recent outbreak of Rift-valley fever, which has killed almost 150 people in less than four months. This is more than Avian flu has killed so far. While avian flu affects mostly birds, Rift valley fever affects animals like cows, goats etc.. Both are viral, and both at times infect humans. In either case, human fatalities on infection is not a must. Why isn't there a similar concern with Rift valley fever as there was with avian flu? Is one less virulent, or less dangerous than the other? What makes avian flu more dangerous?

Avian flu is a type of influenza virus whereas Rift valley is not. Rift valley is spread mostly by mosquitoes, as are many other diseases, and prevention takes the form of wearing repellant, light clothes, modifying outdoor behavior, etc.

Avian flu is transmitted by affected birds, and the only clues of its presence in birds is when the birds get sick and quickly die thereafter. By the time an outbreak among birds is noticed, there is a good chance that it has spread to humans.

The fatality rate for RVT is 1 percent, whereas for H5N1, 64 percent of those infected died last year.

FATALITY RATE, and TRANSMISSION is the reason why bird flu is so much more serious than Rift Valley fever.  (+ info)

what about rift valley fever?

i want to know about rift valley fever dease
and how to traet such dease?

Rift Valley Fever

Rift Valley fever is a fever-causing viral disease that affects livestock and humans in Africa. It is most common during years of heavy rainfall.
People get Rift Valley fever mainly from the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease can also be spread by contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected animal.
Rift Valley fever can cause serious eye infection, inflammation of the brain, severe bleeding (hemorrhage), and death.
To prevent Rift Valley fever, travelers to Africa should take precautions against insect bites: 1) use insect repellent, 2) wear long sleeves and pants, and 3) use bednets. Travelers should also avoid contact with livestock in areas where outbreaks of Rift Valley fever are occurring.

What is Rift Valley fever?

Rift valley fever is a fever-causing disease that affects livestock (including cattle, buffalo, sheep, and goats) and humans in Africa. It is named after a trough stretching 4,000 miles from Jordan through eastern Africa to Mozambique. Rift Valley fever is spread mainly by infected mosquitoes and appears most often during years of heavy rainfall.

Where is Rift Valley fever found?

Rift Valley fever is most common in the livestock-raising regions of eastern and southern Africa. The disease is also found in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa and in Madagascar.

What is the infectious agent that causes Rift Valley fever?

The disease is caused by the Rift Valley fever virus.

How do people get Rift Valley fever?

People can get Rift Valley fever from the bite of mosquitoes and possibly other blood- sucking insects. The virus usually lies dormant in the eggs of Aedes mosquitoes. During heavy rains and floods, the eggs hatch large numbers of infected mosquitoes that feed on livestock and spread the virus. Other species of mosquitoes, and possibly other biting insects, can also become infected and spread the disease. The occurrence of disease in a large number of domestic animals is referred to as an "epizootic." The presence of a mosquito-borne epizootic can lead to an epidemic in humans.
People can get Rift Valley fever if they are exposed to the blood or other body fluids of infected animals. This can happen during the slaughtering or handling of infected animals or during the preparation of food.
Laboratory workers have become infected through airborne transmission during work with virus cultures or laboratory samples containing the virus.

What are the signs and symptoms of Rift Valley fever?

People with Rift Valley virus infections typically have a flu-like illness with fever, weakness, back pain, dizziness, and weight loss.

Infected people usually get better in 2 days to 1 week after the start of the illness. Sometimes, however, the infection can cause hemorrhage (severe bleeding), encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), or severe eye complications.

How is Rift Valley fever diagnosed?

Diagnosis can be made by use of several types of laboratory tests.

Who is at risk for Rift Valley fever?

People who sleep outdoors at night in areas where outbreaks occur
Animal herdsmen, slaughterhouse workers, veterinarians, and others who handle tissues of infected animals in areas where the virus is present
International travelers who visit areas where the virus is present during periods when outbreaks or epidemics are occurring

What is the treatment for Rift Valley fever?

The drug ribavirin is being studied for its effectiveness against Rift Valley fever.

What complications can result from Rift Valley fever?

The most common complication is inflammation of the retina (a structure connecting the nerves of the eye to the brain). About 1% to 10% of affected persons might have some resulting vision problems or partial blindness.

Approximately 1% of infected people die of the disease. Those who die are usually malnourished, sick with other diseases, or far from good medical care. Death rates are much higher for infected animals.

Is Rift Valley fever an emerging infectious disease?

The Rift Valley virus was first isolated in 1931 in livestock on a farm in Kenya. The most notable epizootic occurred in Kenya in 1950-1951 and resulted in the death of an estimated 100,000 sheep. In 1978, the virus was detected in Egypt and caused a large outbreak of illness in animals and humans.

The first epidemic of Rift Valley fever in West Africa was reported in 1987. It was linked to construction of the Senegal River Project, which caused flooding in the lower Senegal River area. In late 1997, after exceptionally heavy rains, an epidemic resulted in the deaths of at least 300 people and large numbers of animals in remote parts of northeastern Kenya, southern Kenya, and southern Somalia.

How can Rift Valley fever be prevented?

No licensed vaccine or virus-killing medicine is available for human use. Travelers to Africa should always wear long sleeves and pants and use insect repellents and bednets to protect against bites from mosquitoes and other blood-sucking insects. Persons who work with animals in areas where the virus is present should avoid exposure to the blood or tissues of potentially infected animals.

This fact sheet is for information only and is not meant to be used for self-diagnosis or as a substitute for consultation with a health-care provider. If you have any questions about the disease described above, consult a health-care provider.

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the best method of conroling rift valley fever,treatment?

Please qoute sourse answers if possible

Dear Robert,
You’ve certainly brought your medical concerns to the right place! The Y!A community members are fully aware of and do appreciate the intimate conditions involving your prognosis. Most recognized doctors in the field of medicine would employ a holistic approach to your ailment.
Robert, please begin your day with a well balanced breakfast to include ample servings of fruits and grains. After your morning routines are finished, enjoy a brisk walk around the block. If you happen to meet any stray dogs along the way, it would be a good idea to antagonize the creatures in order to add some vigor to your workout.
Now Robert, the remaining portions of your day should be filled with interesting activities and new studies to keep your mind active and in balance, complimentary to what you have done with the physical side of yourself.
After loitering around at the public library all afternoon with a bunch of smelly hobos, you can appreciate a warm bath and time to be good to yourself. Begin to collect an archive of various music genres that you can resolve one day to enjoy after you get the rest of your chores done.
Robert, if after following my advice, simply take two aspirin and forget we ever had this little discussion.
Thank you, Robert. Have a great day!
Dr.Jake  (+ info)

How long will valley fever last?

After a lung biopsy, I was finally diagnosed with valley fever. My lung collapsed twice from the biopsy and subsequent lung tubes. How long will I be in pain and exhausted?

Unfortunately it'll take quite a while. I know a baseball player who got sick with valley fever and ended up missing the entire season.  (+ info)

ARIZONA Is there such a thing as Valley fever?

I got flu like symptoms and LOC about a week after being caught in a dust storm and was told it had gotten in my lungs a virus called valley fever. Is there such a thing?

You better believe there is!
I grew up in Arizona and my dog got it if you think you have it you might wanna hurry to the doctor. look up the symptoms online and if you have them go to the doctor!!!  (+ info)

once you have the valley fever can it come back?

I have valley fever and wondering that if once you have it should not come back.

May be.

What is Valley Fever?
Valley Fever is a lung infection. A fungus becomes airborne when dust around construction areas and agricultural areas is transported by the wind. When spores are inhaled, Valley Fever can result. The medical name for Valley Fever is coccidioidomycosis.

Where is Valley Fever found?
It is found mostly in the Southwestern U.S. where temperatures are high and the soils are dry.

How long does it take to develop symptoms of Valley Fever?
It normally takes between one and four weeks.

Is Valley Fever contagious?
No. You cannot get it from another person or from an animal.  (+ info)

My golden retriever has valley fever is this usually cured over time?

The vet gave him fluconazole 280 mg for this. It is a Anti fungal medicine. I believe women take it for yeast infections also.

My dog had valley fever also, and yes he did get cured with the Anti fungal medicine. He was on it for six months and then we did a titer test on him to see where his levels tested and he was down to nearly zero so we stopped the medicine. The vet wanted to keep him on it for a year but I said no if his levels are down I am stopping him, besides it was very expensive at that time(6 years ago in Arizona). He was fine and lived another 5 years after that. He was a older dog when he got valley fever.  (+ info)

How serious is valley fever?

I was just diagnosed with having Valley Fever for at least 2 months. I will going thru treatment for 2months or more. How serious is this disease/\?

Not really serious. Its just fungus growing in your lungs.

But 2 months is a bit long...  (+ info)

I need sites for natural anti-fungals to attack valley fever,list them please?

I have been taking 200-300Mg's of fluconozole for 11 months.I will be taking Amphotericin-B infusions 3xweekly now also. Bad side effects from both treatments. I would like to find information on natural and nutritional anti-fungals that can help me battle this infection.
Please help!

Coccidioidomycosis is a pulmonary or hematogenous disease caused by the fungus Coccidioides immitis, usually occurring as an acute benign asymptomatic or self-limited respiratory infection. The organism occasionally disseminates to cause focal lesions in other tissues. Symptoms, if present, are those of lower respiratory infection or low-grade nonspecific disseminated disease. Diagnosis is suspected by clinical and epidemiologic characteristics and confirmed by chest x-ray, culture, and serology. Treatment, if needed, is usually with fluconazole, itraconazole, or amphotericin B.  (+ info)

I f a dog has valley fever and is taking the medication for about 10 days is vomiting common after this long >?

Symptoms of vomiting and coughing began over last 2 days.

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