FAQ - sialometaplasia, necrotizing
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Is necrotizing fasciitis a disease?

Is it a disease or virus or infection or what?
anyone know?

It is a condition that occurs when certain bacteria gain entry, through a cut, scrape, bug bite, etc., to the fascia (connective tissue below the skin). These bacteria then release toxins which cause tissue destruction and death. It can spread very rapidly and has a high mortality rate if not treated promptly.  (+ info)

where is the best place(country) who treat patients with necrotizing fascitis?

Anywhere where they have an infectious disease specialist. But go quick.  (+ info)

where is necrotizing fasciitis and who are its victims?

i need to know for a science project, i need to know where it is found geographically(a map would be especially nice), and what its most common victims are(adults, children, men, women)

Necrotizing Fasciitis is an opportunistic infection. It can be acquired by getting a puncture wound with anything that has one of the types of bacteria that cause necrotizing fasciitis. It affects anyone and everyone and does not discriminate between women children and men. The causative bacteria are found all over the world, but are more common in developing/3rd world countries.  (+ info)

are there support groups for people who has survived Necrotizing fasciitis?

Yes. You'll just need to google it and find the support group near you. If you're having a hard time, let you doctor know and he/she can point you in the right direction. Glad your talking about it. Good Luck!!! Keep your head up! Merry Christmas!  (+ info)

I've contracted necrotizing faciitis on my penis?

It's unfortunate, the doctor told me they'd have to amputate all 10 inches, what am I going to do? My girlfriend said that she'd leave me as soon as I got better, seeing as how I will no longer be able to pleasure her.

Since you're a fudge packer, I don't believe you have a girl friend.

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AgYOjcOsKmBif0vpN86xBizty6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20091102202346AA8yUMF  (+ info)

what countries does Necrotizing Fasciitis occur in, and what are these countries doing to treat it?

As far as I know it is a non common infection, but non-discriminate in where it hits.
The infection begins locally, at a site of trauma, which may be severe (such as the result of surgery), minor, or even non-apparent. The affected skin is classically, at first, very painful without any grossly visible change. With progression of the disease, tissue becomes swollen, often within hours. Diarrhea and vomiting are common symptoms as well. Inflammation does not show signs right away if the bacteria is deep within the tissue. If it is not deep, signs of inflammation such as redness and swollen or hot skin show very quickly. Skin color may progress to violet and blisters may form, with subsequent necrosis (death) of the subcutaneous tissues. Patients with necrotizing fasciitis typically have a fever and appear very ill. More severe cases progress within hours, and the mortality rate is high, about 30%. Even with medical assistance, antibiotics take a great deal of time to react to the bacteria, allowing the infection to progress to a more serious state.[1]

"Flesh-eating bacteriaā€¯ is a misnomer, as the bacteria do not actually eat the tissue. They cause the destruction of skin and muscle by releasing toxins (virulence factors). These include streptococcal pyogenic exotoxins and other virulence factors. S. pyogenes produces an exotoxin known as a superantigen. This toxin is capable of activating T-cells non-specifically. This causes the over-production of cytokines that over-stimulate macrophages. The macrophages cause the actual tissue damage by releasing oxygen free radicals.
The diagnosis is confirmed by either blood cultures or aspiration of pus from tissue, but early medical treatment is crucial and often presumptive; thus, antibiotics should be started as soon as this condition is suspected. Initial treatment often includes a combination of intravenous antibiotics including penicillin, vancomycin and clindamycin. If necrotizing fasciitis is suspected, surgical exploration is always necessary, often resulting in aggressive debridement (removal of infected tissue). As in other maladies characterized by massive wounds or tissue destruction, hyperbaric oxygen treatment can be a valuable adjunctive therapy, but is not widely available. Amputation of the affected organ(s) may be necessary. Repeat explorations usually need to be done to remove additional necrotic tissue. Typically, this leaves a large open wound which often requires skin grafting. The associated systemic inflammatory response is usually profound, and most patients will require monitoring in an intensive care unit.  (+ info)

what bacteria is increasingly causing necrotizing fasciitis?

probably MRSA (Methicillan Resistant Staph Aureus)- but other bacteria in the past such as regular staph and strep have caused it. But now it is harder to treat because of the MRSA.  (+ info)

Do full term babies get necrotizing enterocolitis?

he incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) varies from isolated cases to nursery epidemics. The population group most often affected is ill, preterm neonates.5

The incidence rates of necrotizing enterocolitis are similar in all developed countries in which high-quality health care is available for premature infants.

The incidence in premature neonates is highest in those with very low birth weights.6 NEC is less commonly seen in premature neonates with higher birth weights and in _Full-term neonates.

Currently, the mortality rate of patients with necrotizing enterocolitis is less than 20% when infants are treated early in the course of the illness. Without treatment, the mortality rate is extremely high.

Morbidity associated with NEC includes bowel stricture, peritoneal adhesions, and bowel perforation. If perforation occurs, the necrotic bowel is surgically resected. Resection of large lengths of bowel may result in short-bowel syndrome.

Necrotizing enterocolitis exhibits no sexual predilection.  (+ info)

Is there a difference in the clinical presentation of necrotizing fasciitis v. gas gangrene?

necrotizing fasciitis v. gas gangrene

i am not sure but i know that gas gangrene requires an anerobic environment for the bacteria to grow. Also there is gas produced so the tissues will be distended. the main cause of gas gangrene is clostridium perfringes. necrotizing fasciitis can be caused by many bacteria and usually results from compermised immune system.
i think it is wise to make a presumptive diagnosis based on if the patient is immunocompermised then i would lean towards necrotizing fasciitis.
if the patient has been injured on soil recently then i lean towards gas gangrene.
oh yea, Necrotizing fasciitis the patients may have vomiting and dirreha. I dont believe that gas gangrene does this to patients.
These are my ideas and may not be 100% true. This is what i remeber from school a long time ago about both diseases.  (+ info)

My mother has necrotizing pancreatitis was taken to hospital, now she is on life support and kidney have stop?

what do you think her changes are

It is hard to say what her chances are with out being her doctor. But I can say I have known many who have pulled through! A long road to recovery, but it can be done. You and your Mom are in my Prayers

ReeAnn, Founder
The Pancreatitis Place  (+ info)

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