FAQ - sleep disorders
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Sleep Disorders?

What does sleep disorders actually mean? Is insomnia a sleep disorder? I know like sleep apnea and things are but insomnia, can this not be solved be changing thoughts and so on?


Insomnia can be attributed to many things, worry, anxiety, stress, eating too late or not enough, generally not feeling relaxed and even sleeping to late in the morning.

Insomnia can be caused by any of the above or it can be that the individual doesn't need as much sleep as the average person.

Yes it will be included under the sleep disorder umbrella.  (+ info)

sleep disorders?

what is the name of the sleep disorder where u can only sleep a few hours a night, even tho you are really tired?

What Happens During Sleep?
You don't notice it, of course, but while you're asleep, your brain is still active. As people sleep, their brains pass through five stages of sleep. Together, stages 1, 2, 3, 4, and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep make up a sleep cycle. One complete sleep cycle lasts about 90 to 100 minutes. So during an average night's sleep, a person will experience about four or five cycles of sleep.

Stages 1 and 2 are periods of light sleep from which a person can easily be awakened. During these stages, eye movements slow down and eventually stop, heart and breathing rates slow down, and body temperature decreases. Stages 3 and 4 are deep sleep stages. It's more difficult to awaken someone during these stages, and when awakened, a person will often feel groggy and disoriented for a few minutes. Stages 3 and 4 are the most refreshing of the sleep stages — it is this type of sleep that we crave when we are very tired.

The final stage of the sleep cycle is known as REM sleep because of the rapid eye movements that occur during this stage. During REM sleep, other physical changes take place — breathing becomes rapid, the heart beats faster, and the limb muscles don't move. This is the stage of sleep when a person has the most vivid dreams.

Why Do Teens Have Trouble Sleeping?
Research shows that teens need 8½ to more than 9 hours of sleep a night. You don't need to be a math whiz to figure out that if you wake up for school at 6:00 AM, you'd have to go to bed at 9:00 PM to reach the 9-hour mark. Studies have found that many teens, like Garrett, have trouble falling asleep that early, though. It's not because they don't want to sleep. It's because their brains naturally work on later schedules and aren't ready for bed.

During adolescence, the body's circadian rhythm (sort of like an internal biological clock) is reset, telling a teen to fall asleep later at night and wake up later in the morning. This change in the circadian rhythm seems to be due to the fact that the brain hormone melatonin is produced later at night in teens than it is for kids and adults, making it harder for teens to fall asleep. Sometimes this delay in the sleep–wake cycle is so severe that it affects a person's daily functioning. In those cases it's called delayed sleep phase syndrome.

Changes in the body clock aren't the only reason teens lose sleep, though. Lots of people have insomnia — trouble falling or staying asleep. The most common cause of insomnia is stress. But all sorts of things can lead to insomnia, including physical discomfort (the stuffy nose of a cold or the pain of a headache, for example), emotional troubles (like family problems or relationship difficulties), and even an uncomfortable sleeping environment (a room that's too hot, cold, or noisy).

It's common for everyone to have insomnia from time to time. But if insomnia lasts for a month or longer with no relief, then doctors consider it chronic. Chronic insomnia can be caused by a number of different problems, including medical conditions, mental-health problems, medication side effects, or substance abuse. People with chronic insomnia can often get help for their condition from a doctor, therapist, or other counselor.

For some people, insomnia can be made worse by worrying about the insomnia itself. A brief period of insomnia can build into something longer lasting when a person becomes anxious about not sleeping or worried about feeling tired the next day. Doctors call this psychophysiologic insomnia.

A few examples of conditions that can disrupt sleep in teens include:

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder and Restless Legs Syndrome
People with these conditions find their sleep is disrupted by leg (or, less frequently, arm) movements, leaving them tired or irritable from lack of sleep. In the case of periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), these movements are involuntary twitches or jerks: They're called involuntary because the person isn't consciously controlling them and is often unaware of the movement. People with restless legs syndrome (RLS) actually feel physical sensations in their limbs, such as tingling, itching, cramping, or burning. The only way they can relieve these feelings is by moving their legs or arms to get rid of the discomfort.

Doctors can treat PLMD and RLS. For some people, treating an iron deficiency can make them go away; other people may need to take other types of medication.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea
This sleep disorder causes a person to stop breathing temporarily during sleep. One common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is enlarged tonsils or adenoids (tissues located in the passage that connects the nose and throat). Being overweight or obese can also lead a person to develop obstructive sleep apnea.

People with obstructive sleep apnea may snore, have difficulty breathing, and even sweat heavily during sleep. Because it disrupts sleep, someone with sleep apnea may feel extremely sleepy or irritable during the day. People who show signs of obstructive sleep apnea, such as loud snoring or excessive daytime sleepiness, should be evaluated by a doctor.

Some people have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which causes stomach acid to move backward up into the esophagus, producing the uncomfortable, burning sensation known as heartburn. GERD symptoms can be worse when someone is lying down. Even if someone doesn't notice the feelings of heartburn during sleep, the discomfort it causes can still interfere with the sleep cycle.

Most teens have nightmares on occasion. But frequent nightmares can disrupt sleep patterns by waking someone during the night. Some things can trigger more frequent nightmares, including certain medications, drugs, or alcohol. Ironically, sleep deprivation can also be a cause. The most common triggers for more frequent nightmares are emotional, such as stress or anxiety. If nightmares are interfering with your sleep, it's a good idea to talk to a doctor, therapist, or other counselor.

People with narcolepsy are often very sleepy during the day and have sleep "attacks" that may make them suddenly fall asleep, lose muscle control, or see vivid dreamlike images while dozing off or waking up. Someone's nighttime sleep may be disrupted, with frequent awakenings throughout the night. Narcolepsy can be disturbing because people fall asleep without warning, making it hazardous to do things like drive. A person's schooling, work, or social life can be affected by the unusual sleep patterns.

Narcolepsy is not that commonly diagnosed in teens, although many cases go unrecognized. People usually first begin to have symptoms between the ages of 10 and 25, but may not be properly diagnosed until 10–15 years later. Doctors usually treat narcolepsy with medications and lifestyle changes.

It's rare for teens to walk in their sleep; most sleepwalkers are children. Sleepwalking may run in families. It most often occurs when a person is sick, has a fever, is not getting enough sleep, or is feeling stress.

Because most sleepwalkers don't sleepwalk often, it's not usually a serious problem. Sleepwalkers tend to go back to bed on their own and don't usually remember sleepwalking. (Sleepwalking often happens during the deeper sleep that takes place during stages 3 and 4 of the sleep cycle.) Sometimes, though, a sleepwalker will need help moving around obstacles and getting back to bed. It's also true that waking sleepwalkers can startle them (but it isn't harmful), so try to guide a sleepwalker back to bed gently.

What Should I Do?
If you think you're getting enough rest at night and you're still feeling tired during the day, it's a good idea to visit your doctor. Excessive tiredness can be caused by all sorts of health problems, not just difficulties with sleep.

If your doctor suspects a sleep problem, he or she will look at your overall health and sleep habits. In addition to doing a physical examination, the doctor will take your medical history by asking you about any concerns and symptoms you have, your past health, your family's health, any medications you're taking, any allergies you may have, and other issues. The doctor may also do tests to find out whether any conditions — such as obstructive sleep apnea — might be interfering with your sleep.

Different sleep problems are treated differently. Some can be treated with medications, whereas others can be helped by special techniques such as light therapy (where someone sits in front of a lightbox for a certain amount of time each day) or other practices that can help reset a person's body clock.

Doctors also encourage teens to make lifestyle changes that promote good sleeping habits. You probably know that caffeine can keep you awake, but many teens don't realize that playing video games or watching TV before sleeping can do the same thing.  (+ info)

Sleep disorders?

Not sleeping well at night, I suffer from Atrial fibbrelation, I take Digoxin, Beta Pace, to slow and regulate my heart,these meds are now at the maximum possible dosage and I started having brief bouts of a-fib again I take .1 milligrams of xanax 3 times a day to slow me down so I dont overtax my heart,my heart rate runs 40 to 60 B.P.M. during last bout of full blown a-fib heart rates hit 326 B.P.M.... I thought that I should sleep like a rock but only average 4 to 5 hours sleep a night and it is restless sleep. I also take Vytorin to lower high cholesterol, this leaves me constantly tired and with severe muscle and joint pain and often headaches. I am going back to Doctor but wanted feedback from anyone else who may be having same problem.

I do not have the same problem, but you should ask your doctor if too much medication could be it.  (+ info)

What percent of people in the world suffer from chronic sleep disorders?

Also, how about America?

I'm doing a speech on sleep disorders tomorrow and I can't find the percentages anywhere.

it is between 10 and 20 per cent. depending on the disorder for the world, and for America
web sites below.  (+ info)

Can Coffee cause anxiety and sleep disorders?

Can Coffee cause anxiety and sleep disorders?
And does Coffee increase your metabolism ?

Thank you.

Coffee increases the basic metabolic rate, which helps burn more calories. It increases mental clarity, as well as muscular coordination, can help to increase respiration rates and gives also a boost to low blood pressure. Indeed, several studies have concluded that metabolic rate or energy expenditure is positively affected by coffee consumption. For example, a study in the American Journal of Physiology in 1995 showed that energy expenditure increases by about 10% in response to caffeine ingestion.
Caffeine is the world’s most popular psychoactive drug. It boosts metabolism and energy levels, making you feel more alert by interfering with the action of drowse-inducing adenosine in the brain. It also manipulates the same channels in the brain as amphetamines, activating the brain’s pleasure centers. A recent study from Brazil finding that people who drink coffee with milk each day are less likely to have depression. Also, studies have shown that coffee drinkers have a lower incidence of suicide than the rest of the population. Caffeine is a stimulant which, in moderate amounts, helps with fatigue associated with depression. Coffee has been shown to contain small quantities of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), which are natural antidepressants.
Just make sure you drink GOOD coffee and not the cheapest stuff you can get your hands on! Coffee should be handpicked, and best are Arabica beans. Order coffee farm direct, and you'll be surprised how well it tastes, let's you sleep, and you'll never go back to the regular supermarket shelves for it.  (+ info)

What are some symptoms of sleep disorders?

I havent been sleeping well for about seven months now and i had an episode of sleep paralysis last night. Its starting to aftect my mental and physical health. Do i have a sleep disorder?

you may have a sleep disorder idk for sure ~how about stopping all caffeine including energy drinks & pops for a week or so & should really help your sleep also you may wish to take a long hot shower or long soak in the tub ~then take a couple of tylenol & go to bed ~I like hearing the noise of a fan so I have it running right next to my bed & it works well for me~also pray & ask God to help you out w/your sleep problem & trust me it does work~pleasant dreams♦  (+ info)

What disease/disorders cause sleep deprivation?

I'm doing a Research paper on sleep deprivation and i have found that some diseases and disorders such as insomnia cause sleep deprivation. Please give me more :]

I appreciate your help <3

sleep apnea  (+ info)

Does anybody know about sleep disorders when first starting MMT?

I started MMT almost a week ago and have not been able to sleep for more than 45min - 1hr at a time. I wake up all through the night and can't go back to sleep for about 30min or so. Yesterday I did take a 1 and 1/2 hr nap. But that's been about it. I am really really tired. Should this go away soon?

You are not stable your dose yet. Are they still increasing you say 5mg every other day? Once you reach your dose (everybody's varies) that is one way you know is because of your sleep. That is one question my clinic always asked me when started was "How is your sleep?" As long as it was meed up they increased my dose until I reached 80mg and I was stable for a few weeks then I started hang trouble with my stomach again and they increased me to 85mg. This was the magic number for me but for some is much higher. My clinic doesn't like to go much higher which goes against research but fortunately isn't too much of a problem for me. So, Yes, it will get better. The best part for me was not waking up in withdrawal. What a bless! Good Luck!  (+ info)

Do you think it's possible that sleep disorders are at the root of most common mental disorders?

I'm talking about depression and schizophrenia mainly. It's been documented that people who are deprived of sleep for long periods of time will show symptoms of psychosis, and people with depression tend to sleep in longer and feel fewer symptoms when they are well-rested. Could the conscious behavior of the mentally ill be symptoms of prolonged improper sleep, as if only a part of their brain had chronic insomnia and was the source of the malfunction?

Dear Millenious C. Dingleberries................... sure, why not? at least a contributing factor.
Science really doesnt know much about the brain, it is all hypothetical, and even the brain function scans, are evaluated based on theory, not science. There is no 'evidence based ' methods for psychiatry, et al.
there is no proof that seratonin, or dopamine, or any of that is even real.
antidepressants are thought to be placebo by their own scientists........
I personally am more in the corner of the hormone experts that show balancing the hormones greatly improve a persons mental health and in some cases irradicate it entirely......
we know sleep is very important.....
your guess is as good as theirs , at this point.
PS what Patti above said is accurate........and many hormone experts believe that hormones cause schizp, bi polar, depression,etc .........hormones regulate sleep, btw  (+ info)

What are the names of some sleep disorders?

Insomnia isnt the only one right? i'v been having alot of trouble sleeping lately so i would like to no if i have a sleep disorder,
Best answer gets 5 stars

OK this qxn is too general, so let's have some fun.

...sleep apnea...sleep paralysis...sleeping sickness...sleep deprivation...sleeping with teh wrong person....sleeping on the job......and sleeping around  (+ info)

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