What is the connection between malignant neoplasms and crabs?
The more common term for malignant neoplasms, cancer, is Latin for crab, and the word "carcinogen," meaning a cancer-causing agent, comes from the Greek word for crab, "karkinos." What is the connection between these two seemingly unrelated things?
Cancer, both the disease and the astronomical constellation, derive from the Latin cancer or cancrum, meaning crab. The astrological sign, of course, is said to resemble a crab and the disease was so named by the ancient Greek physician Galen (129-200 A.D.) who noted the similarity between a certain type of tumor with a crab as well—the swollen veins around the tumor resembling the legs of a crab.
Old English adopted cancer directly from Latin and used it for a variety of spreading sores and ulcers. This early sense survives in the modern word canker. From c.1000 in a manuscript called Læce Boc (Leech Book), collected in Oswald Cockayne’s Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Vol. II, 1865:
Gemeng wið þam dustum, clæm on ðone cancer.
(Mix with the dust, smear on the cancer.)
And from Wyclif’s 2 Timothy, 1382:
The word of hem crepith as a kankir
The word was being applied specifically to the disease we today call cancer by the beginning of the 17th century. From Philemon Holland’s translation of Pliny’s Historie of the World:
Cancer is a swelling or sore comming of melancholy bloud, about which the veins appeare of a blacke or swert colour, spread in manner of a Creifish clees.
The astronomical sense of cancer is from the Latin name for the constellation of the crab. The name was known to the Anglo-Saxons, but only as a Latin name and was not assimilated into English until the Middle English period. It appears in Ælfric’s De Temporibus Anni, written c.993, in a list of the constellations of the Zodiac:
Feorða • Cancer • þæt is Crabba
(Fourth, Cancer, that is the crab.)
The Anglicized name appears c.1391 in Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe:
In this heved of cancer is the grettist declinacioun northward of the sonne...this signe of cancre is clepid the tropik of Somer.
(At this first point (head) of cancer is the greatest declination northward of the sun…this sign of cancer is named the tropic of summer.)
(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition) (+ info
How do I lose 30 pounds to prepare for spinal fusion?
I cannot exercise because of extreme 10+ level pain. Spinal stenosis, degenerative disks full spinal involvement. I am not active by choice, but I am asking how to lose weight to prepare for three level spinal fusion. What can a person like me do to lose the weight without the ability to exercise?
Through a calorie-reduced diet it's very possible to lose weight without exercise at all. Eat 1200-1500 calories, making sure to get 5-10 servings of fruit and vegetables per day (and try to keep it down to 4-6 servings of grains per day), and cutting out the obviously bad-for-you things like junk food, candy, fast food, convenience foods and you can lose 10lbs per month (with potentially more in the first month if you're retaining water due to a diet high in salt and processed foods).
I lost most of my weight through diet alone - the first 65lbs only through diet before adding walking. So I know it's possible. Good luck with getting where you need to be for the fusion surgery. (+ info
What should my daughter expect during and after a spinal tap?
My daughter is having a MRI and a Spinal Tap tomorrow. I heard that the spinal taps are painful, but how painful and I was wondering if she can expect a headache? How bad will it be? How long does she have to stay at the hospital after the tap? Thank you!
If your daughter gets a headache after the spinal tap, report it immediately. The headaches can become so severe that she will throw up from just moving herself into a different position. There is no way to treat the headaches except for a blood patch (which is where they put blood in to replace the cerebrospinal fluid). No amount of painkillers with help with the headache. So watch for drainage around the site and if she starts experiencing a headache, take her back to the hospital. Usually it's an in and out procedure like a surgery. (+ info
Is there any known homeopathic treatment for spinal tumors? Even to just reduce the size of one?
The tumor resides between the C1 and C2 vertibrae, in the center of the spinal cord. It is extremely slow growing and not causing any physical issues yet.
If your tumor is benign, you should go to your doctor immediately to have it removed or else (because its growing in an awkward place) it will be too late to remove it when it grows larger (may damage the adjacent nerves).........
Anyways here are some other obtions for you + Homeopathic remedies & websites that you can scroll through to find out more...
p:s Had it been god forbid Malignant, you would have known what to do by now!!
All the best.. (+ info
What is the incubation period of bacterial spinal menigitis?
I have a neighbor that is in school and she needs help on an assignment. She needs to know when you get spinal menigitis how long does it actually take before the symptoms take place. Please help me on this it will really help me and my neighbor . Thanks sooo much.
this report from the Mayo Clinic may help u. they always have the best medical advice. (+ info
Is a Dynatron sts machine avaliable with an already implanted spinal cord stimulator?
My girlfriend has RSD. After many surgerys doctors decided to go with a spinal cord stimulator for her arms and legs. Her legs seem to be in much better pain-free atmosphere, her arms are extremely in chronic pain. She is on oxymorphone and oxycontin to control the pain but we are hoping for an alternative method. I have read about a dynatron sts machine for nerve pain. Would this be a solution considering she already has a spinal cord stimulator?
Hi. Your girlfriend should have no problem at all using this type of unit in conjunction with her spinal cord stimulator as they are stimulating different nerves at different levels. In any case, if the STS gave her some relief in her arms but somehow caused interference, she could turn her spinal stimulator off for short periods to use the SCS on her arms. I have CRPS/RSD in my legs and arms - I have a spinal cord stimulator (and an intrathecal drug pump) and have used something similar to the STS (though with no success).
My only concern with the STS would be whether she would tolerate it the patches that are used to adhere the electrodes to the skin. I had some problems from a sensitivity perspective, despite the fact that I do a lot of desensitisation work every day. The big worry however was that the adhesive on the electrode patches caused my skin to ulcerate, producing wounds that took many months to heal.
As you are looking at alternatives, or at least adjunctive to medication (I know how she feels - I take so many tablets that I feel as though I'd rattle if you shook me!)
Anyway, I hope that answers your question and really hope that she can try the STS system with (+ info
What part of your spinal cord would you have to damage to die?
What parts of the spinal cord tell the heart to beat and the lungs to breath so if you damaged it you would die pretty suddenly?
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the brain (the medulla specifically). The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system.
The spinal cord itself doesn't regulate the respiratory or cardiac centers,they are located in the brain.
Infections in the spinal cord fluid can travel to the brain and affect these areas.Trauma to the brain would cause deterioration(due to lack of blood supply) to these areas and eventually death. (+ info
How long can a spinal headache last, after having a blood patch already?
I had a spinal on accident was suppose to be a epidural and i got a headache the next day after delivering my son. I had a blood patch that day the headache started but since have had dull headaches off and on the last four days. Just wondering how long this will last, no pain meds are helping.
It took my doctor 7 days to figure out that I had a "spinal headache" after having back surgery. Once he figured out what it was, he told me I needed to lay flat 24/7 until it was gone. Laying flat helped a TON! He said it would allow the spinal fluid to fill up where it had none, which was causing the headaches. It was a total pain, but after a few days of getting up only to use the potty, even eating laying down, it was gone. (It didn't hurt while laying down, but after I was sitting or standing up for only about a minute it would get really bad again). I hope this helps (+ info
What can happen to the brain if one has a rather large intramedullary spinal cord tumor?
An intramedullary spinal cord tumor is a tumor inside the cord. So what could happen if a tumor was found inside a person's spinal cord in the cervical region, which is in the neck? What could this possibly do to the brain, specifically? Keep in mind this tumor is long and large enough it expands the cord and been left untreated years.
I hope you are not the patient. The cord tumor can cause increased intracranial pressure- papilledema, sometimes acute enough to cause other symptoms, like vomiting, headache. Not very common, but I have seen a couple.
Understand that we never see anything common at Walter Reed- the other hospitals can handle the common stuff. So sometimes it is hard to get a good idea of just how common a given problem is.
Usually the symptoms of a cord tumor are related to the damage to the spinal cord.- pain is common, weakness, spasticity, sensory loss muscle wasting in the muscles supplied by the affected part of the cord. A tract of the Trigeminal nerve goes down into the upper cord, then back up- can cause numbness of the face. This can be a confusion factor, as it can be mistaken for a second lesion, and lead to a diagnosis of MS.
http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/251133-overview (+ info
How do donate your spinal fluid for money?
I have heard that you can donate your spinal fluid just like how you donate plasma, but that you make a whole lot more money. I am just trying to get more information if anyone has or knows how to go about doing it.
that's not the best way to make some money LOL
check with your local hospital for csf banks
just so you know after you donate that shit you're going to feel really weak and sore cuz it's a big needle and your csf needs to regenerate (+ info
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