What is the connection between malignant neoplasms and crabs?
The more common term for malignant neoplasms, cancer, is Latin for crab, and the word "carcinogen," meaning a cancer-causing agent, comes from the Greek word for crab, "karkinos." What is the connection between these two seemingly unrelated things?
Cancer, both the disease and the astronomical constellation, derive from the Latin cancer or cancrum, meaning crab. The astrological sign, of course, is said to resemble a crab and the disease was so named by the ancient Greek physician Galen (129-200 A.D.) who noted the similarity between a certain type of tumor with a crab as well—the swollen veins around the tumor resembling the legs of a crab.
Old English adopted cancer directly from Latin and used it for a variety of spreading sores and ulcers. This early sense survives in the modern word canker. From c.1000 in a manuscript called Læce Boc (Leech Book), collected in Oswald Cockayne’s Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Vol. II, 1865:
Gemeng wið þam dustum, clæm on ðone cancer.
(Mix with the dust, smear on the cancer.)
And from Wyclif’s 2 Timothy, 1382:
The word of hem crepith as a kankir
The word was being applied specifically to the disease we today call cancer by the beginning of the 17th century. From Philemon Holland’s translation of Pliny’s Historie of the World:
Cancer is a swelling or sore comming of melancholy bloud, about which the veins appeare of a blacke or swert colour, spread in manner of a Creifish clees.
The astronomical sense of cancer is from the Latin name for the constellation of the crab. The name was known to the Anglo-Saxons, but only as a Latin name and was not assimilated into English until the Middle English period. It appears in Ælfric’s De Temporibus Anni, written c.993, in a list of the constellations of the Zodiac:
Feorða • Cancer • þæt is Crabba
(Fourth, Cancer, that is the crab.)
The Anglicized name appears c.1391 in Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe:
In this heved of cancer is the grettist declinacioun northward of the sonne...this signe of cancre is clepid the tropik of Somer.
(At this first point (head) of cancer is the greatest declination northward of the sun…this sign of cancer is named the tropic of summer.)
(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition) (+ info
What is the normal color of vaginal discharges?
I just wanted to know. i learned about vaginal discharges and yeah but the teacher didn't say the normal color of vaginal discharged.
i was wondering also if the vaginal discharges are yellow,green or white?
Normal colours are white, clear, creamy or very pale yellow (dries a bit darker). If you're about to get your period or it just finished, it can be brown or pink. Green or white with lumps is a sign of an infection. (+ info
What does vaginal discharge look like and does it change the closer you get to your period?
Is vaginal discharge meant to be sort of yellow green and quite thick and gunky. And does it change the closer you get to your period?
It looks like white or clear mucous. If it's clear it means you are close to ovulation.
Once you start puberty a white and/or clear mucous discharge is normal. The vagina is self-cleaning. This same discharge increases the closer you get to ovulation and when you are sexually aroused. Trust me, you don't ever want it to go away. You will also have your own scent - musky - and it will smell stronger to you than to others.
You can have this normal discharge for weeks, months or even years before getting your first period. It will also continue after you get your period. You can wear a pantyliner if it bothers you.
This normal white/clear discharge will dry yellow when exposed to air. If it is coming out yellow, then you probably have a bacterial infection.
Different Types of Discharge:
White: Thick, white discharge is common at the beginning and end of your cycle. Normal white discharge is not accompanied by itching. If itching is present, thick white discharge can indicate a yeast infection.
Clear and stretchy: This is "fertile" mucous and means you are ovulating.
Clear and watery: This occurs at different times of your cycle and can be particularly heavy after exercising.
Yellow or Green: May indicate an infection, especially if thick or clumpy like cottage cheese or has a foul odor.
Spotting Blood/Brown Discharge: May happen right after periods, and is just "cleaning out" your vagina. Old blood looks brown. This may occur when you are ovulating/mid-cycle. Your first period can look like this also.
Different types of infections:
Signs of yeast infections:
White, cottage cheese-like discharge
Swelling and pain around the vulva
Signs of bacterial vaginosis:
A white, gray or yellowish vaginal discharge
A fishy odor that is strongest after sex or after washing with soap
Itching or burning
Slight redness and swelling of the vagina or vulva (+ info
What is the difference between vaginal bleeding and period?
My vaginal bleeding began yesterday (July 26th). It is not the time of the month yet, but it is close. (I usually get my period in the first week of the month). I have never had sexual intercourse. I am 15 years old. Is this vaginal bleeding, if so why do i have it?
This is your period.
Periods are funny thing, some times they come very late (and freak out ladies) and some time they show up before their time.
You are 15 right now, believe me i am 25 and my periods come late some times and some time they come before time.
you never had sex before so they are your periods, don't worry =)
Vaginal bleeding: i only know one reason behind that, if you have sex, you bleed.
If you have sex a lot and you are new to it then it bleeds some times, but not much.
But these are your periods, if they stay the same period of time like 4-5 days then it is normal, they just came early this time. (+ info
Is it possible to have a vaginal birth when the twins are sharing a placenta?
My twin boys are sharing a placenta, and I was wondering if this would rule out having a vaginal birth. I know normally the chances of having a vaginal birth for twins is 50%.
The placenta is at the top of my uterus, so position is not a problem. Just not sure if the placenta would come loose when the first baby is born? Or would it stay attached until the second baby comes?
Less likely. This is because of the higher death rate of twins sharing a placenta. This is a truly higher risk and I could understand a doctor who recommended C-section in this instance. If your twins are roughly the same size, you may very well be able to have a vaginal birth. However, in many cases, one is getting more nutrient than the other and it isa potential problem at the birth. Sharing a sac would be fairly life threatening.
The 50% rate is mostly based on doctor convenience. The only gals who have vaginal births with twins have doctors that aren't harping on them every visit to schedule a c-section. (+ info
Is there more vaginal lubrication during sexual intercourse if you are pregnant?
I think I am pregnant but I haven't found out for sure yet. But during intercourse I noticed that there is more vaginal lubrication than usual. Could that be a sign that I am pregnant?
I have had others signs as well. Missed periods, abdominal cramps, frequent urination etc. I will take a pregnancy test soon.
There is more vaginal discharge in general when pregnant, so that would make for more lubrication during intercourse, but that could also just be a sign of more or better foreplay. If your period is late, take a test with your first morning urine tomorrow. (+ info
What type of vaginal mucus is a sign of ovulating?
I know your vaginal mucus differs at different times throughout your cycle, but what type of mucus indicates ovulation? (Texture, clear/white, etc.?)
If you are trying to get pregnant, what are some good indicators that your body is very fertile and it is a good time to attempt to conceive?
"Right around ovulation (high chance of pregnancy):
At this stage, mucus resembles egg whites. It is the thinnest, clearest and most abundant at this point in the cycle. Finger testing will allow the mucus to stretch quite a ways (several centimeters) before it breaks (if it breaks at all). ) The amount of this thin mucus will steadily increase until you experience your ‘mucus peak’. This is the last day of this period where the chance of conception is high. It is closely tied to ovulation. During this phase, the sperm’s survival rate is higher. It can survive in cervical mucus for up to 72 hours, a significantly longer time than during the rest of the cycle." (+ info
How do you get rid of vaginal dryness?
It is said that a lack of vaginal lubrication can make intercourse painful. Women who suffer from vaginal dryness often dread intercourse and avoid sex as a result. Does anyone know any remedies that can take care of this problem?
I am not on the pill.
Besides using lube is there any other remedies?
HELLO! WATER BASED-LUBE!!!!!!!! THANK YOU! (+ info
how to restore vaginal dryness and sexual after getting off the pill?
I was on birth control pills for 3yrs then quit because of emotional effects and loss of sex drive. My emotions have returned to normal, but my sex drive is still low and worst of all, I have severe vaginal dryness. I can't get wet at all even when aroused. Does anyone know what remedies are available to restore me to normal!
My wife and I just went thru something similar. She couldnt take birth control because they gave her migraines. She went to her Dr. and she started taking hormone thearpy, yeah for me. Her sex drive came back. The thearpy didn't really help the dryness, for that we use "replens" it is made specifically for vaginal dryness. It works GREAT. (+ info
Can you get vaginal disharge before you start your period?
Im 14 and havent started my period yet. But for the last couple years i get this milky white vaginal discharge. Is this normal?
Yes, this is normal. Many women get their discharge before their period. Sometimes, even after. It is just a way to clean out your system. Nothing to worry about! If it is a bother, wear a panty liner.
Happy Holidays, and have a happy period! (+ info
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