FAQ - vertebrobasilar insufficiency
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What is the difference between renal insufficiency, renal impairment & renal failure?

Renal insufficiency, also called renal failure, is when your kidneys no longer have enough kidney function to maintain a normal state of health. Note that the term renal failure is beginning to be replaced by renal insufficiency when in the context of chronic kidney disease.
Renal impairment is the inability of the kidney to do its job, this is manifested by many things including increase in some substances that the kidney does not get rid of because it can't. Some of these substances can be and are estimated in blood to evaluate the degree of renal failure.

Sometimes, renal impairment and renal failure are used interchangeably.  (+ info)

What are the symptoms of progesterone insufficiency ?

Progesterone Deficiency Symptoms :
The effects on a woman due to progesterone deficiency can include any or all of the following symptoms:

• Infertility/not ovulating
• Early miscarriage
• Carbohydrate cravings
• Breast tenderness
• Irregular periods
• Ovarian cysts
• Menstrual cramps
• Puffiness/bloating
• Water retention
• Lower body temperature.  (+ info)

Okay, folks, what is the difference between chronic renal insufficiency and regular renal insufficiency?

Are there any doctors in the house?

I'm not a doctor and the key word here is Chronic. Chronic means long term. Acute means happening now. If you have a chronic condition it is going to be with you, probably, for several years if not your whole life.  (+ info)

My husband has just been diagnosed with venous insufficiency in both legs. If he also has venous insufficienc

in his penis, will the leg surgery correct that, or does he need to be tested by a urologist and have a separate surgery for that?

Those are two different issues. If he is impotent he needs to go to a urologist to be checked out.  (+ info)

What's the difference between peripheral arterial "insufficiency" vs. peripheral arterial occlusive disease?

I'm a nursing student.... my books are not clear on this at all. Any help would be appreciated.

The difference is in the word that is different. Occlusive, as you know, means blocking.
Insufficiency means that the blood still flows, in decreased amount, but keeps flowing. It is similar to CAD, but in the lower extremities. The Pt might suffer impotency in some cases.
An example of occlusive disease is the thromboangiitis obliterans, that involves inflammation of the arteries and thrombosis. The prognosis is very dismal if the Pt refuses to stop smoking  (+ info)

Is Acute Renal Insufficiency usually treatable with out resorting to dialysis? Is dialysis forever?

Acute Renal Insufficiency/Failure (ARF) is treated with dialysis in severe cases when patients have dangerous electrolye or fluid problems. Dialysis does not fix the kidneys, it merely does their job while they are not working.

ARF is often reversible, and patients can then stop dialysis safely. This depends on the cause of the initial renal failure, and other medical problems the person may have. The physicians involved can monitor bloodwork for evidence that the kidneys have recovered and advise on how long dialysis is needed.  (+ info)

Can you get home tests which tell you if you have adrenal insufficiency or problems with the gland?

That is not something you want an amateur to do. Get a professional endocrinologist through your primary care doctor. Kid's; don't try this at home.  (+ info)

I have been put on cortef for adrenal insufficiency?

My body was barely making any not sure why it all started, but in order for me to have my back surgery they put me on this stupid steroid around the clock. I am depressed and don't want to take it anymore - what happens if I decide I don't take it.

  (+ info)

what is the common way to treat adrenal insufficiency?


Treatment of Addisons disease involves replacing, or substituting, the hormones that the adrenal glands are not making. Cortisol is replaced orally with hydrocortisone tablets, a synthetic glucocorticoid, taken once or twice a day. If aldosterone is also deficient, it is replaced with oral doses of a mineralocorticoid, called fludrocortisone acetate (Florinef)), which is taken once a day. Patients receiving aldosterone replacement therapy are usually advised by a doctor to increase their salt intake. Because patients with secondary adrenal insufficiency normally maintain aldosterone production, they do not require aldosterone replacement therapy. The doses of each of these medications are adjusted to meet the needs of individual patients.

During an addisonian crisis, low blood pressure, low blood sugar, and high levels of potassium can be life threatening. Standard therapy involves intravenous injections of hydrocortisone, saline (salt water), and dextrose (sugar). This treatment usually brings rapid improvement. When the patient can take fluids and medications by mouth, the amount of hydrocortisone is decreased until a maintenance dose is achieved. If aldosterone is deficient, maintenance therapy also includes oral doses of fludrocortisone acetate.  (+ info)

What is venous insufficiency mean anyways? Can it Be Cured??

My arrogant doctor says I have Venous Insufficiency my right leg but he gave no cure and prescribed compression stocking that hurt like hell ? They don't work and are very expensive to buy. Help Me !

Venous Insufficiency is a chronic (long-term) problem. It is caused by valve incompetence; thrombophlebitis, causing obstruction of valves that regulate blood flow in veins. Small veins that have been occluded by a thrombosis may re-canalize (opening up new channels to re-direct blood flow). These re-canalized veins are inadequate and cannot correct the impairment of flow. However, larger veins may still remain occluded. When a thrombosis occurs the valves that regulate venous blood flow become thickened and incompetent, rendering them incapable of regulating back flow of blood. This valvular incompetence will cause an increase in the presence within veins (venous hypertension). Venous hypertension is responsible for most of the symptoms associated with venous disease. Superficial veins can become dilated causing varicose veins (veins that bulge and seem tortuous). Leg ulcers can be severe and are responsible for 100,000 cases of disability in the United States alone.

This site might be more easy to understand if you aren't familiar w/ CVI : http://www.debakeydepartmentofsurgery.org/home/content.cfm?proc_name=Chronic+Venous+Insufficiency&content_id=272

Good luck!

ETA: There are a variety of compression stockings. You might want to look online for another brand or perhaps, the size of the stocking was too small (??) You definitely do not want to let this go untreated in the event that you do have CVI and if you do have a reputable doctor, then I suggest you take the diagnosis seriously (not saying that you aren't)...or you can always get a second opinion.

Feel better.  (+ info)

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