FAQ - water-electrolyte imbalance
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What is water electrolyte imbalance?

Please provide as much detail as possible.

Electrolytes are salts that conduct electricity and are found in the body fluid, tissue, and blood. Proper balance is essential for muscle coordination, heart function, fluid absorption and excretion, nerve function, and concentration.

The kidneys regulate fluid absorption and excretion and maintain a narrow range of electrolyte fluctuation. Normally, sodium and potassium are filtered and excreted in the urine and feces according to the body's needs. Too much or too little sodium or potassium, caused by poor diet, dehydration, medication, and disease, results in an imbalance. Too much sodium is called hypernatremia; too little is called hyponatremia. Too much potassium is called hyperkalemia; too little is called hypokalemia.

Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte imbalance. It is associated with kidney disease such as nephrotic syndrome and acute renal failure (ARF). Men and women with healthy kidneys have equal chances of experiencing electrolyte imbalance, and people with eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia, which most often affect women, are at increased risk. Very young people and old people are affected more often than young adults.  (+ info)

can water electrolyte imbalance cause haives and lip swelling?

No, hives and lip swelling is an autoimmune reaction.  (+ info)

Electrolyte Water Imbalance?

Hi all,
Is there harm in drinking an electrolyte water such as SmartWater or Elete, instead of normal water, often? I drink Smartwater all the time since it tastes like normal water and I figured with the electrolytes, maybe I'll absorb it better. (I don't drink that much water to begin with)

However, one of my friends says that I'll end up with an electrolyte imbalance from intaking too much of the stuff which causes internal damage. Is this true?

If you have functioning kidneys, you will get rid of the extra electrolytes in your urine.  (+ info)

Can anyone help me with my electrolyte imbalance?

I have been drinking lot of water lately, and sometimes I would get hungry and add more glass of water to decrease my hunger pang. So then I went over board of drinking water. I would drink 13 bottles of water a day for a month and a half. I feel tired and dizzy. Help me to balance my electrolyte please
Thanks for helping me out.
I noticed when i eat salty food, my vision becomes clearer. So do you think i should eat more salty food. I'm afraid of having high blood pressure if i eat too much of salty food.

Before you seek any advice on how to balance your electrolytes, you should get your electrolytes checked. Have your doctor run a chemistry profile first. Sometimes, drinking a lot of fluids is your body's way of telling you that you need more fluids. Sometimes, it's a sign of a serious problem, though this is rare so don't get freaked out. Get more informed, and see your physician.  (+ info)

how to take a electrolyte drink to correct a imbalance?

the drink i'm taking is,

1 litre of water
1 tsp of celtic sea salt
1 tsp of bicarbonate soda
8 tsp of sugar
1 banana

does that sound about right?

is that 1 litre supposed to last one day or do you take more than that?

how long would it take to correct the imbalance?

can you still drink other things including water or should you just consume the electrolyte drink?


i liter water 1/4 tsp sea salt 250 mg magnesium chloride, 1/4 tsp nu-salt which is your potassium chloride, and in the heat 1000mg vita C minimum, drink this in addition to you other liquids over the course of the day not all at once, and this for to prevent heat exhaustion, never magnesium carbonate- or mag oxide, magnesium is the most important one by far, and Gatorade has none. when u have spasms in back and legs it is a warning sign, your body is using magnesium from other parts to supply your heart you can add lemon juice to this to hide the taste it is quite bitter. and just eat the banana. The young athletes that fall dead when they are in perfect health ( sudden death) or the (athletes die young theory) all have one thing in common, they are all magnesium deficient. 90% of us americans are.  (+ info)

Will electrolyte enhanced water skew a liver function test?

I had dehydration after a lengthy illness and started drinking lots of Smart Water (electrolyte enhanced water). After 2 weeks of this water, I was given a liver function test and didn't know that this test involved testing electrolyte levels to gauge liver function, so I didn't mention my water to the doctor. My tests showed normal electrolyte levels. Could this be influenced by the special water I was drinking?

Yes, but what is your 'special water'?
Chances are that the water may be causing it.  (+ info)

Latest findings show that cosumption of purified water triggers Thyroid imbalance. Is it substantiated?

It is said that tap water, purified with simple straining prosess, is healthy because of its retention of minerals and iodine. Please clarify.

are you asking if water run through activated charcoal triggers a thyroid imbalance?
or are you asking if the minerals and chemicals in tap water trigger thyroid imbalance?  (+ info)

What is an electrolyte imbalance? What are electrolytes?

I've been told that I have an electrolyte imbalance. What does that mean? What causes an electrolyte imbalance? What kind of symptoms are caused by this?

Potassium, sodium, Chloride, Magnesium, etc.
Several disorders can result from an imbalance in 1 or more of these:
heart arrythmias, seizures, coma, muscle cramps, etc
RN  (+ info)

How do you know if you have an electrolyte imbalance?

Is there any way to tell without the blood test? Is there something to drink that would make sure you have balanced electrolytes? I work in the heat and sweat alot, and feel like crap sometimes. Will something like pedialyte work for adults?

The symptoms you would look for are
decreased or dark color urine
muscle spasm or twitching
irregular heartbeat
lethargy-sluggish or drowsy
treatment would be
stop activity
get in a cool place
drink lot of clear fluid or sports drinks
(this can prevent the symptoms to start with)
yes, pedialyte will work for adults too/ Gatorade is just as good  (+ info)

what are the affects of salt and water imbalance in body?

means if there is a lot of salt and less water what would be its result?

An imbalance occurs when the concentration of sodium in the body (also known as salt when it is combined as sodium chloride), is too high or low. The condition is called hyponatremia when there is too much water compared to sodium. It is called hypernatremia when there is too little water compared to sodium. Most people with hypernatremia also have a shortage of all body fluids.

What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?
Common signs and symptoms of salt and water imbalance include:

• muscle cramps
• weakness, often the first symptom of hyponatremia
• irritability
• confusion
• restlessness and agitation
• seizures and coma
• changes in heart rate, heartbeat, and blood pressure
• tissue swelling
• retaining fluid in the body
• thirst
• nausea, vomiting
• depression
• lack of coordination

What are the causes and risks of the condition?
Too little water for the sodium in the blood (hypernatremia) may be caused by: severe vomitingsevere diarrheaexcessive exercise and sweatingburnspoor kidney function, such as acute and chronic renal failureinfections or high feverdecreased thirstbrain injuriesfailure to communicate need for water, especially in nursing home residents who may already have less than normal kidney function.

What can be done to prevent the condition?
A person can take these actions to help prevent salt imbalance: avoid salty foods, salt tablets, or salty liquids, such as sports drinks drink plenty of water during exercise drink plenty of water when taking diuretics keep follow-up appointments with the doctor for chronic disease treatment

What are the long-term effects of the condition?
The long-term effects of salt and water imbalance depend on the underlying cause. If the imbalance is caught early and treated, there may be few long-term effects. Severe salt imbalance that is not treated can lead to extreme weakness, confusion, coma, or death. The brain injury may be irreversible

What are the treatments for the condition?
Treatment for sodium and water imbalance will depend on the underlying cause.

• If the sodium imbalance is caused by the flu along with vomiting and diarrhea, fluids need to be replaced in the body. If there is excess or too little water for the available sodium, the fluids will be adjusted accordingly.
• The person may need medicine to help decrease the vomiting.
• Fluids given into the veins can help replace sodium and water, or in other cases, can help lower sodium or water levels in the blood.
• Sodium imbalance due to kidney disease or diabetes can be treated with medicines as well as appropriate fluids.
• Adequate water intake can prevent high levels of sodium in the blood (hypernatremia.
• Diuretics, also known as water pills, may be stopped to increase sodium concentration in patients with hyponatremia.
• Some patients without ADH may be treated with ADH injections (or a nasal spray) to retain water and treat hypernatremia.

Serious disturbances should be treated in the hospital with high concentration salt solutions or water under the care of a specialist.

What are the side effects of the treatments?
Side effects depend on the treatments used, but may include allergic reactions to the medicine and stomach upset. Too much water and ADH can cause a patient with hypernatremia to develop hyponatremia.

What happens after treatment for the condition?
Hyponatremia that is the result of vomiting and diarrhea caused by the flu may be treated and need no further treatment. On the other hand, a person who has diabetes will need lifelong treatment once the condition is under control. The same applies if there is a permanent defect in ADH (called diabetes insipidus).

How is the condition monitored?
Careful monitoring of blood levels of sodium can help keep a balance between too little and too much water and sodium in the blood. If the water imbalance is due to a short-term condition, such as vomiting, no further monitoring may be necessary. If a person is on diuretics or has other long-term conditions, periodic blood tests are needed to check the blood levels of various electrolytes. Any new or worsening symptoms, especially those affecting the brain's function, should be reported to the healthcare professional.  (+ info)

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