FAQ - wounds, penetrating
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penetrating chest wounds?

is there a medical reason why we usually tilt a casualty suffering from penetrating chest wounds to the injured side? (some say it prevents blood from injured lung from flowing to uninjured lung, but a doctor said the possibility is very low. others say its for comfort.)
how does it prevent the good lung from getting damaged?
also, i meant tilt as in perhaps in a half sitting position. is that still called a recovery position? 'cos i only know of ONE recovery position, where the casualty lies in a pretty awkward position leaning to a side, opposite side leg forming an L shape..

This is to prevent the good lung from getting damaged and it depends on the patients comfort also .  (+ info)

What is a Penetrating Aortic Ulcer and can it be fixed?

My 88 year old grandfather was just diagnosed with a Penetrating Aortic Ulcer. Can someone explain what this is, what treatments are possible/available and because of his age, can anything really be done to help him? The doctors are still running tests on things but we really want to know what we are looking at, and what to expect. He is terrible pain and he has been in the hospital for a week.

If you are talking about a stomach ulcer, that is eroding into the aorta, then treatment for the ulcer might include IV mediciners. If the ulcer is eroding into the main blood vessel, the aorta, then sometimers pateints will have some GI bleeding, black stool, anemia, etc. This is called a "Sentinal bleed". It may need to be fixed with surgery, a great big deal in an 88 year old. Hopefully, it may be a garden variet stomach ulcer that can be healed with medications alone. Good luck.   (+ info)

How would stab wounds to the hands be treated in a hospital?

Hey, so I was wondering (For something I'm writing) how stab wounds to a persons hands would be likely to be treated in a hospital? Stitches? Um...Staples?

Oh and also I need to know what would happen if (After the treatment) the wounds were to re-open? Would there a need for more stitches or something?

Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks in advance! :)

depends on the depth of the wounds, if deep enough, then stitches, they shouldn't re-open, but if they did need re stitching. If wounds slight then they can be glued together with special surgical glue, or the use of special strip plasters.  (+ info)

What can you do to prevent burn wounds from leaving scars?

My mom was baking last weekend and burned her arm pretty bad. The skill swelled up then burst open and tore off now she has 2 open cuts. She wants to know if there's anything she can do to prevent scarring after the wounds heal?

Mederma 3-4 times a day for until the scar fades mostly away. I think it's around 8 weeks for new scars that are treated promptly, and 3-6 months for old scars.  (+ info)

At what age do you reach when wounds begin to take longer to heal?

I bruised my knee just recently, and four days later the bruise and sensations associated with it were still present. This is unusual - Normally it would take two days, and I would no longer notice the wound is there.

I am 27 years old and in good health.

1) Could this have anything to do with me being older now? Or is it most probable that the bruise was just worse than previous bruises I have had.

2) On average, at what age do you think we can reach before wounds begin to take noticeably longer to heal?

1) it's probably just worse, when ur a baby u grow 10x< faster, so technically after ur not a baby anymore, but if u mean like as an adult, i think maybe 45 or 50
2)i answered that in number 1, but anyways, 45 or 50  (+ info)

What is the best product out there to use on wounds after a motorcycle accident?

My husband's wounds have scabbed over and are starting to come off, what type of cream should we use to promote the healing and lessen the scarring?

While scarring is bad, you want to put on triple antibiotic cream first, and then the scar healing. Now, when the wounds do heal, use the Maderma brand. For me, I have aa condition called kiloid where my scars over heal. Maderma works really well for me.  (+ info)

What chemical in the human body produces the ability to heal wounds and scars?

The reason I ask this is, my fiancee can get a cut and he heals and it's practically gone in 2 days! Me, on the other hand, will literally have wounds and scars for weeks-months. Is there a supplement I am lacking that could facilitate in healing quicker and better?

Your own immune system!
The immune system is the body's defense against infectious organisms and other invaders. Through a series of steps called the immune response, the immune system attacks organisms and substances that invade our systems and cause disease. The immune system is made up of a network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to protect the body.

The cells that are part of this defense system are white blood cells, or leukocytes. They come in two basic types (more on these below), which combine to seek out and destroy the organisms or substances that cause disease.

Leukocytes are produced or stored in many locations throughout the body, including the thymus, spleen, and bone marrow. For this reason, they are called the lymphoid organs. There are also clumps of lymphoid tissue throughout the body, primarily in the form of lymph nodes, that house the leukocytes.

The leukocytes circulate through the body between the organs and nodes by means of the lymphatic vessels. Leukocytes can also circulate through the blood vessels. In this way, the immune system works in a coordinated manner to monitor the body for germs or substances that might cause problems.

The two basic types of leukocytes are:

phagocytes, cells that chew up invading organisms
lymphocytes, cells that allow the body to remember and recognize previous invaders and help the body destroy them
A number of different cells are considered phagocytes. The most common type is the neutrophil, which primarily fights bacteria. If doctors are worried about a bacterial infection, they might order a blood test to see if a patient has an increased number of neutrophils triggered by the infection. Other types of phagocytes have their own jobs to make sure that the body responds appropriately to a specific type of invader.

There are two kinds of lymphocytes: the B lymphocytes and the T lymphocytes. Lymphocytes start out in the bone marrow and either stay there and mature into B cells, or they leave for the thymus gland, where they mature into T cells. B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes have separate jobs to do: B lymphocytes are like the body's military intelligence system, seeking out their targets and sending defenses to lock onto them. T cells are like the soldiers, destroying the invaders that the intelligence system has identified. Here's how it works.

Antigens are foreign substances that invade the body. When an antigen is detected, several types of cells work together to recognize and respond to it. These cells trigger the B lymphocytes to produce antibodies, specialized proteins that lock onto specific antigens. Antibodies and antigens fit together like a key and a lock.

Once the B lymphocytes have produced antibodies, these antibodies continue to exist in a person's body, so that if the same antigen is presented to the immune system again, the antibodies are already there to do their job. That's why if someone gets sick with a certain disease, like chickenpox, that person typically doesn't get sick from it again. This is also why we use immunizations to prevent getting certain diseases. The immunization introduces the body to the antigen in a way that doesn't make a person sick, but it does allow the body to produce antibodies that will then protect that person from future attack by the germ or substance that produces that particular disease.

Although antibodies can recognize an antigen and lock onto it, they are not capable of destroying it without help. That is the job of the T cells. The T cells are part of the system that destroys antigens that have been tagged by antibodies or cells that have been infected or somehow changed. (There are actually T cells that are called "killer cells.") T cells are also involved in helping signal other cells (like phagocytes) to do their jobs.

Antibodies can also neutralize toxins (poisonous or damaging substances) produced by different organisms. Lastly, antibodies can activate a group of proteins called complement that are also part of the immune system. Complement assists in killing bacteria, viruses, or infected cells.

All of these specialized cells and parts of the immune system offer the body protection against disease. This protection is called immunity.

Humans have three types of immunity — innate, adaptive, and passive:

Innate Immunity
Everyone is born with innate (or natural) immunity, a type of general protection that humans have. Many of the germs that affect other species don't harm us. For example, the viruses that cause leukemia in cats or distemper in dogs don't affect humans. Innate immunity works both ways because some viruses that make humans ill — such as the virus that causes HIV/AIDS — don't make cats or dogs sick either.

Innate immunity also includes the external barriers of the body, like the skin and mucous membranes (like those that line the nose, throat, and gastrointestinal tract), which are our first line of defense in preventing diseases from entering the body. If this outer defensive wall is broken (like if you get a cut), the skin attempts to heal the break quickly and special immune cells on the skin attack invading germs.

Adaptive Immunity
We also have a second kind of protection called adaptive (or active) immunity. This type of immunity develops throughout our lives. Adaptive immunity involves the lymphocytes (as in the process described above) and develops as children and adults are exposed to diseases or immunized against diseases through vaccination.

Passive Immunity
Passive immunity is "borrowed" from another source and it lasts for a short time. For example, antibodies in a mother's breast milk provide an infant with temporary immunity to diseases that the mother has been exposed to. This can help protect the infant against infection during the early years of childhood.

Everyone's immune system is different. Some people never seem to get infections, whereas others seem to be sick all the time. As people get older, they usually become immune to more germs as the immune system comes into contact with more and more of them. That's why adults and teens tend to get fewer colds than kids — their bodies have learned to recognize and immediately attack many of the viruses that cause colds.
Best of Luck  (+ info)

How do I make fake scars, wounds and bruises with artificial blood and makeup?

I am having a theme party with me as a nurse and my boyfriend as a patient. We want to make him look like he has been hit by a car or something, with a lot of wounds and bruises. I bought some artificial "movie"-blood, and I have lot of normal make-up. Any tips or ideas on how to make it look as real as possible? :-)

Try looking at Hot Topic. I've seen fake flood there a couple weeks ago.
As for bruises, you can use a liquid foundation, a dark brown color, and rub it on the skin. Then cover it with a purple and blue eyeshadow. It should look like a bruise.
You can also look on a halloween website, i'm sure they'd have lots of products for this.  (+ info)

What antibiotics medicine should be used to cure inner wounds?

Can any one please tell me what to use to cure inner wounds such as if you have some wounds in your uterus.?

Please don't tell me to go to doctor. I already consulted with doctor . She just suggested some pain killers .

10 points for required answers

Also please give names of those pills which are easily available

Thanks in advance

You need a prescription for antibiotics hun, sorry. Garlic and oregano oil are natural antibiotics that you can try. With the garlic just get some cheese cloth and then mince up a clove or two in it and tie a string around the bottom of the cheesecloth with about 6 inches hanging, and insert this into your vagina. You can get oregano oil capsules from a health food store and insert these directly into your vagina, but make sure to ask the clerk for advice to get one that is not too strong as this can cause a burning sensation.

Umm, why do you have wounds in your uterus hon?  (+ info)

Tiny wounds on the inside of my cheak, should my dentist fix that?

I have tiny chronic wounds on the inside of my cheak (like tiny volcanoes) one on each side. I understand it''s from a faulty bite. I had orthodontal treatment many years ago. Is this dangerous (as they are always there) and should my dentist do something to fix it?

Are you sure that what you call "tiny volcanoes" are not ulcers? Ulcers could be chronic too. Not much you can do about them though except avoid stress and spicy foods. But whatever it is, you might as well have your dentist have a look at them and give a correct diagnosis.  (+ info)

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