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Gingivitis is an infection that is an early sign of gum disease. It occurs when
plaque builds up between the teeth and gums. Plaque is a layer that sticks to
your teeth from food, germs and mucus. Over time this build up can lead to
infection of the gums.

The gums often do not hurt with gingivitis, but treatment is very important.
Gingivitis is more common in people who do not brush or floss their teeth
often. If it is not treated, the infection will happen again and may cause
serious gum disease or tooth loss.
• Red and swollen gums
• Gums that bleed easily
• Gums that look bumpy or are pulled away from the teeth
• Bad breath
Your Care
See your dentist if you have any signs. Your dentist will clean and remove
plaque from your teeth.

To prevent gingivitis, brush and floss your teeth at least two times each day
to remove plaque before it builds up. See your dentist every 6 months to
have your teeth checked and cleaned.

Talk to your dentist, doctor or nurse if you have any questions or

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