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Nuclear or Radiation Emergencies
Nuclear or radiation emergencies occur when nuclear material or radiation is
released or exploded during an accident or attack. An explosion can cause
blinding light, heat, fires and dangerous radiation.
During a Nuclear or Radiation Emergency

If you are near the explosion:

• Leave the area right away. If you can tell which way the wind is blowing,
move in the opposite direction or upwind. If possible, drive away with
the windows closed.
• Find shelter, below ground if possible, but any building or shield will
help limit your exposure to radiation. Shield yourself behind thick walls
or metal. The thicker the shield, the better.
• Once inside:
 Turn off all furnaces, air conditioners and fans.
 Close vents.
 Close and lock all doors and windows.
 Take off your clothes and put them in a plastic bag. Seal the bag
 Take a shower or wash your skin and hair well with soap and water.
 Put on clean clothes.
• Listen for reports on the television, radio or Internet. Stay indoors until
health authorities say that it is okay to come outside.
• Seek medical care if you are hurt.

If you are not close to the explosion:

Go inside and listen for reports on the television, radio or Internet. State and
local officials will check the amount of radiation and tell you whether to stay
inside or leave your home.
Your Health

At first, you can get hurt from the heat, fire and flying material from the
explosion. Depending on how much radiation is released, over time you may
show signs of:
• Red skin