Strength training exercises strengthen muscles and build strong
bones. Using weights, exercise bands, other weight lifting equipment,
and doing push-ups and sit-ups are examples of strength training. Talk
to your doctor before beginning strength training if you have high
blood pressure or other health problems.
Flexibility exercises, also called stretching, increase the length of
muscles to improve balance and joint health. Stretching is important
before and after exercising and as an exercise itself. Examples include
yoga and tai chi.
• Begin and end an exercise session with 5 minutes of gentle exercise or
For example, walk 5 minutes before and after jogging. This will help
• Exercise at a comfortable pace.
Listen to your body. You are exercising too hard if you:
Have pain in your joints, feet, ankles or legs
Have problems breathing
Feel weak, faint or dizzy during or after exercising
Stop exercising and call your doctor or 911 if you have:
Pain or pressure in your chest, left neck, shoulder or arm
Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have any questions or concerns.
11/2007. Developed through a partnership of Mount Carmel Health, Ohio State University Medical Center,
and OhioHealth, Columbus, Ohio. Available for use as a public service without copyright restrictions at