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Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a bowel disease. The cause is not known. The inner
lining of the colon, also called the large intestine, becomes irritated or
inflamed. Tiny sores or ulcers form. This often starts in the lower part of the
colon and can spread.
You may have some or all of the these signs:
• Stomach pain
• Diarrhea
• Bleeding in stool or from the rectum
• Fatigue
• Loss of appetite
• Weight loss
• Loss of body fluids, also called dehydration
Your Care
Your doctor will check you and order tests. These tests may include:
• A stool sample to test for blood.
• A barium enema to see an x-ray picture of the colon.
• A test to look at the inside of the rectum and colon. Sometimes a tissue
sample, called a biopsy, is taken to be checked in the lab.

Your treatment may include:
• Avoiding foods that worsen your signs
• Medicines to control colon inflammation
• Surgery

Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have any questions or concerns.

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