Recurrent seizures causally related to craniocerebral trauma. Seizure onset may be immediate but is typically delayed for several days after the injury and may not occur for up to two years. The majority of seizures have a focal onset that correlates clinically with the site of brain injury. cerebral cortex injuries caused by a penetrating foreign object (craniocerebral trauma, PENETRATING) are more likely than closed head injuries (head injuries, closed) to be associated with epilepsy. Concussive convulsions are nonepileptic phenomena that occur immediately after head injury and are characterized by tonic and clonic movements. (From Rev Neurol 1998 Feb;26(150):256-261; sports Med 1998 Feb;25(2):131-6)

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