A condition characterized by somnolence or coma in the presence of an acute infection with plasmodium falciparum (and rarely other Plasmodium species). Initial clinical manifestations include HEADACHES; seizures; and alterations of mentation followed by a rapid progression to coma. Pathologic features include cerebral capillaries filled with parasitized erythrocytes and multiple small foci of cortical and subcortical necrosis. (From Adams et al., Principles of neurology, 6th ed, p136)

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