A systemic non-inflammatory arteriopathy primarily of middle-aged females characterized by the association of livedo reticularis, multiple thrombotic cerebral infarction; coronary disease, and hypertension. Elevation of antiphospholipid antibody titers (see also antiphospholipid syndrome), cardiac valvulopathy, ischemic attack, transient; seizures; dementia; and chronic ischemia of the extremities may also occur. Pathologic examination of affected arteries reveals non-inflammatory adventitial fibrosis, thrombosis, and changes in the media. (From Jablonski, dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed; Adams et al., Principles of neurology, 6th ed, p861; Arch Neurol 1997 Jan;54(1):53-60)


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