Tuberculosis of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges (tuberculosis, meningeal), most often caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis and rarely by mycobacterium bovis. The infection may be limited to the nervous system or coexist in other organs (e.g., tuberculosis, pulmonary). The organism tends to seed the meninges causing a diffuse meningitis and leads to the formation of tuberculoma, which may occur within the brain, spinal cord, or perimeningeal spaces. Tuberculous involvement of the vertebral column (tuberculosis, spinal) may result in nerve root or spinal cord compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of neurology, 6th ed, pp717-20)

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