A family of transcription factors containing SH2 DOMAINS that are involved in CYTOKINE-mediated signal transduction. stat transcription factors are recruited to the cytoplasmic region of CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS and are activated via phosphorylation. Once activated they dimerize and translocate into the cell nucleus where they influence gene expression. They play a role in regulating cell growth processes and cell differentiation. stat transcription factors are inhibited by suppressor of cytokine signaling proteins and protein inhibitors of activated stat.