Cases reported "prognathism"

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11/137. Mental retardation, obesity, mandibular prognathism with eye and skin anomalies (MOMES syndrome): a newly recognized autosomal recessive syndrome.

    We report two daughters of a Thai family affected with mental retardation, delayed speech, obesity, craniofacial manifestations, and ocular anomalies. Craniofacial manifestations included macrocephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, mandibular prognathism, and crowding of teeth. Ocular anomalies consisted of blepharophimosis, blepharoptosis, decreased visual acuity, abducens palsy, hyperopic astigmatism, and accommodative esotropia. Chronic atopic dermatitis, lateral deviation of the great toes, and cone-shaped epiphyses of the toes were observed. The disorder is suggested to be autosomal recessive. The combination of findings found in our patients has not hitherto been described. ( info)

12/137. Efficacy of high condylectomy for management of condylar hyperplasia.

    The purpose of this study was to compare the treatment outcome and long-term stability of 2 groups of young adult patients diagnosed with active condylar hyperplasia and treated with 2 different surgical methods. Thirty-seven patients (19 females and 18 males) met the criteria for inclusion in the study. Group 1 (n = 12; average age at surgery, 17.5 years) was treated with orthognathic surgery only, while group 2 (n = 25; average age at surgery, 16.7 years) had high condylectomy, articular disc repositioning, and orthognathic surgery. All patients underwent standardized clinical and radiographic examination at initial consultation, immediately before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at longest follow-up. Objective evaluation of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function included maximum incisal opening and lateral excursions. Subjective evaluations were performed in group 2 for TMJ pain, jaw function, and diet. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were evaluated for presurgical and postsurgical mandibular growth. There were no statistically significant differences (P >.05) between the 2 groups for maximal incisal opening, lateral excursions, or subjective jaw function before surgery. Presurgical growth differed significantly (P <.05), with group 2 showing more active growth. At the long-term follow-up, no differences were found in lateral excursions or subjective jaw function. There was a statistically significant difference in maximum incisal opening (P <.01), with a greater increase in group 2, as well as a statistically significant difference (P <.05) in cephalometric stability, with group 2 being much more stable at long-term follow-up. All patients in group 1 grew back into skeletal and occlusal Class III relationships and required secondary intervention. Only 1 patient in group 2 required secondary surgery, involving maxillary surgery to correct postsurgical transverse maxillary relapse; the mandible was stable at long-term follow-up. The results of this study showed that patients with active condylar hyperplasia treated with high condylectomy, articular disc repositioning, and orthognathic surgery have stable, predictable outcomes compared with those treated with orthognathic surgery alone. ( info)

13/137. Consequences of oral rehabilitation on dyskinesia in adults with Down's syndrome: a clinical report.

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that the presence of orofacial dyskinesia is often owing to underlying facial dysmorphology in persons with Down's syndrome. A series of cases is presented where orofacial dyskinesia was successfully treated by therapy establishing occlusal stability. The diagnosis of dyskinesia owing to dysmorphology should be precluded before any link with the degree of intellectual disability or neurological deficit is presumed. A multidisciplinary approach may be necessary to diagnose and treat these patients. ( info)

14/137. Confirmation of existence of a new syndrome: LAPS syndrome.

    In l998, Hopkin et al. described a new disorder characterized by progressive laryngotracheal stenosis, short stature, and arthropathy. We provide extensive clinical information on two additional unrelated patients with this distinctive disorder and propose the name LAPS syndrome, to reflect the most consistently recognized features, namely, Laryngotracheal stenosis, Arthropathy, prognathism, and Short stature. ( info)

15/137. The reconstruction of bilateral clefts using endosseous implants after bone grafting.

    This article presents the orthodontic reconstruction of an adult bilateral cleft patient with a severe Class III malocclusion in which endosseous implants were inserted after secondary alveolar bone grafting. The patient was a 21-year-old Japanese male whose lateral incisors were congenitally missing and whose premaxilla was inclined lingually. The occlusion was classified as Angle Class III with an overjet of -8 mm. Orthodontic alignment was initiated to correct the position of the maxillary incisors before bone grafting. After the anterior occlusal relationship was corrected, bilateral alveolar clefts were reconstructed by bone grafting with autogenous particulate marrow and cancellous bone harvested from the iliac crest. ITI-SLA fixtures (Institute Straumann, Waldenburg, switzerland) (length, 10 mm; diameter, 4.1 mm) were placed into the grafted bone for prosthetic restoration of the missing lateral incisors. The results illustrate that this protocol can be expected to provide an acceptable occlusion and good dentoalveolar stability in adult cleft patients. ( info)

16/137. Developmental absence of the premolar teeth: dental management.

    A boy aged 11 years presented with dental pain, several carious teeth and a localized area of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). Developmental absence of the premolar teeth was notable and additional anomalies included mid-facial hypoplasia, mandibular prognathism, transposed teeth and delayed exfoliation of the deciduous teeth. These abnormalities have significant oral, dental, orthodontic and orthognathic implications. ( info)

17/137. Thin-plate spline (TPS) graphical analysis of the mandible on cephalometric radiographs.

    We describe two cases of Class III malocclusion with and without orthodontic treatment. A thin-plate spline (TPS) analysis of lateral cephalometric radiographs was used to visualize transformations of the mandible. The actual sites of mandibular skeletal change are not detectable with conventional cephalometric analysis. These case analyses indicate that specific patterns of mandibular transformation are associated with Class III malocclusion with or without orthopaedic therapy, and visualization of these deformations is feasible using TPS graphical analysis. ( info)

18/137. Maxillary expansion and protraction in correction of midface retrusion in a complete unilateral cleft lip and palate patient.

    A 7-year-old girl with a cleft lip and palate had a midface retrusion due to growth inhibition of the maxillary complex. She presented for correction of a severe total crossbite with a Class III skeletal pattern. Initially, maxillary expansion was provided to widen the maxilla and then maxillary protraction headgear was worn to improve the sagittal skeletal relation. Fixed orthodontic appliances were placed to align the dentition and Class III elastics were used to establish intercuspation and stability. The maxillary expansion and protraction usually provide effective improvement in skeletal Class III patients with repaired cleft lip and palate patients. The success of the orthopedic procedure essentially depends on the individual growth of the maxilla and the mandible. This case report shows the significant growth of the mandible after maxillary expansion and protraction in late adolescence. ( info)

19/137. Treatment of severe mandibular prognathism in combination with maxillary hypoplasia: case report.

    We performed a Le Fort I osteotomy and sagittal split ramus osteotomy (Obwegeser-Dal Pont) combined with mandibular anterior segmental osteotomy without tooth extraction for a patient with severe mandibular prognathism accompanied by a hypoplastic maxilla, anterior open bite and normal anterior mandibular vertical dimension. The results of facial appearance and occlusion were excellent. This combined surgical method appears to be satisfactory for treating severe mandibular prognathism with hypoplastic maxilla. ( info)

20/137. Thin-plate spline graphical analysis of the mandible in mandibular prognathism.

    The chin cup has been used to treat skeletal mandibular prognathism in growing patients for 200 years. The pull on the orthopedic-force chin cup is oriented along a line from the mandibular symphysis to the mandibular condyle. Various levels of success have been reported with this restraining device. The vertical chin cup produces strong vertical compression stress on the maxillary molar regions when the direction of traction is 20 degrees more vertical than the chin-condyle line. This treatment strategy may prevent relapse due to counter-clockwise rotation of the mandible. In this report, we describe a new strategy for using chin-cup therapy involving thin-plate spline (TPS) analysis of lateral cephalometric roentgenograms to visualize transformation of the mandible. The actual sites of mandibular skeletal change are not detectable with conventional cephalometric analysis. A case of mandibular prognathism treated with a chin cup and a case of dental Class III malocclusion without orthodontic treatment are described. The case analysis illustrates that specific patterns of mandibular transformation are associated with Class III malocclusion with or without orthopedic therapy, and that visualization of these deformations is feasible using TPS graphical analysis. ( info)
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